INCLUDING CLINCAL PROVEN DOSING OF:

  • 10g L-Glutamine
  • 6g L-Leucine
  • 2g LCLT
  • 3g 1080 EPA/720 DHA of Pharmaceutical Grade EFA’S
  • 200mg L-Theanine
  • 800mg Glucosamine Hydrochloride
  • 640mg Chondroiton Sulfate
  • 80mg Hyaluronic Acid
  • 50mg Boswellia Serrata
  • 550mg Cissus Quandrangularis
Athlean-RX
Recovery Stack
  • Enhanced Endurance
  • Assists Fat Loss
  • Improved Athletic Performance
  • Increased Lean Muscle

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OUT RECOVER THE COMPETITION

The Power

Recovery is more than just a buzzword. It is a recognized stage of the muscle building process. The fact is, if you aren’t taking recovery seriously, you are never going to reach your full potential. Recovery is so important that several of the leading sports organizations in the world have created panels of specialists to make sure their million dollar athletes are recovering properly and adequately, and Athlean-Rx ReconstruXion has been a part of that conversation.

The Science

6g of Leucine, a whopping 10g of Glutamine, 1.25g of Betaine… These are just the kick off points for this powerhouse of a formula. As always, we put the science in everything we do, and each and every ingredient is thoroughly researched and backed by studies to prove its efficacy as a sports recovery supplement.

The Facts

You asked and we answered with our most potent formulas and open labels so you know exactly which ingredients and how much of each you’re getting. Athlean-Rx contains no proprietary blends, and as always, no fillers, no substitutes and no harmful chemicals.

The Results

ReconstruXion is the go to recovery formula for some of the top teams in pro sports. It’s been so effective with our athletes that we have several reports of it preventing delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) after particularly intense workouts. While these reports are anecdotal at this stage I can personally attest to RX3’s effectiveness in helping me battle DOMS.

I use ReconstruXion daily as a recovery aid and to assist in blunting the effects of DOMS after training.

ATHLEAN RX-3 ReconstruXion

LCLT
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE  DOSAGE: 1 - 2g

ATHLEAN ReconstruXion CONTAINS: 2g

CLINICAL STUDIES

Research suggestions that L-Carnitine L-Tartrate improves muscle recovery and repair times. This is probably due to a boost in nitric oxide (NO) production, which improves blood flow and oxygen consumption in the muscles. LCLT also increases androgen receptors in the muscle cells, which means more testosterone is recruited to build muscle.

  • Improves muscle recovery and repair between training sessions (probably due to a boost in Nitric Oxide and an increase in muscle oxygen consumption)
  • Increases androgen receptors in muscle cells, thereby recruiting more testosterone to build muscle
  • Improves insulin sensitivity

 

L-LEUCINE
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE  DOSAGE: 2-10g

ATHLEAN ReconstruXion CONTAINS: 6g

CLINICAL STUDIES

Considered one of the most anabolic of all the individual amino acids, L-Leucine is considered to be the main activator of protein synthesis via its effects on the mTOR pathway. What makes it especially vital (and often in deficient supply) is that it is an essential amino acid, which means that the body doesn’t produce it naturally. The only way for you to get this key amino acid in your system is through diet and or supplementation. Throw in its additional researched ability to prevent the breakdown of muscle tissue after intense training, and your ability to tip the balance of muscle growth in your favor just grew by leaps and bounds with ReconstruXion.

  • Reduces muscle breakdown caused by intense exercise or dieting
  • Stimulates protein synthesis, which increases the effectiveness of training and speeds recovery time between training sessions
  • May increase metabolic rate

 

L-GLUTAMINE
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE  DOSAGE: .5-15g

ATHLEAN ReconstruXion CONTAINS: 10g

CLINICAL STUDIES

L-Glutamine is most commonly used for improving healing time following injuries or surgery. It can help speed recovery time between training sessions due to an increase in nitrogen levels in the muscle cells which assists in protein synthesis. L-Glutamine is also recognized for boosting the immune system, increasing energy levels and helping to regulate blood sugar levels.

  • Reduces healing time after injuries or surgery
  • Increases nitrogen levels in the muscle cells to assist in protein synthesis, which increases the effectiveness of training and speeds recovery time between training sessions
  • Boosts the immune system, which can be compromised by intense training
  • Increases energy levels and helps maintain steady blood sugar levels

 

BETAINE ANHYDROUS
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE  DOSAGE: 1200mg - 1500mg

ATHLEAN ReconstruXion CONTAINS: 1250mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

One of the most important benefits of Betaine is its ability to improve muscle strength and power during training sessions. Some studies have shown that it can improve endurance, increase the number of reps that can be done with a given weight, and improve power and force with every rep. Evidence also indicates that Betaine improves protein synthesis following training sessions.

  • Improves muscle strength, power and endurance
  • Increases protein synthesis following training sessions
  • Increases growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 production
  • May help promote fat loss

 

L-Theanine
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE  DOSAGE: 100-250mg

ATHLEAN ReconstruXion CONTAINS: 200mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

L-Theanine is recognized for improving cognitive and mental processing, as well as focus, attention, memory, alertness and mood. It can also help improve sleep quality, reduce stress and help keep the body in a state of relaxation. It also helps improve immune system function, which can become compromised with heavy training.

  • Reduces the effects of stress
  • Increases serotonin and dopamine
  • Improves sleep quality
  • Improves focus, attention, memory, alertness and mood
  • Improves immune system function
  • The most effective dose for Theanine is from 100-250g per day

REFERENCES

L-Carnitine L-Tartrate

  1. Kong, W., Chen, S., et al. Effects of Taurine on Rat Behaviors in Three Anxiety Models. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. February 2006. 83(2), 271-276.

  2. El Idrissi, A., Goukarrou, L., et al. Effects of Taurine on Anxiety-Like and Locomotor Behavior of Mice. Advances in Experimental Medicines and Biology. 2009. 643, 207-215.

  3. Sung, M., Chang, K. Dietary Taurine and Nutrients Intake and Anthropometric and Body Composition Data by Abdominal Obesity in Korean Male College Student. Advances in Experimental Medicines and Biology. 2009. 643, 429-435.

  4. Du., H., You, J., et al. Antiobesity and Hypolipidemic Effects of Lotus Leaf Hot Water Extract with Taurine Supplementation in Rats Fed a High Fat Diet. Journal of Biomedical Sciences. 2010. 17 Suppl 1, S42.

  5. Solon, C., Franci, D., et al. Taurine Enhances the Anorexigenic Effects of Insulin in the Hypothalamus of Rats. Amino acids. 2011. Published Ahead of Print.

  6. Arruda, A., Milanski, M., et al. Low-Grade Hypothalamic Inflammation Leads to Defective Thermogenesis, Insulin Resistance and Impaired Insulin Secretion. Endocrinology. April 2011. 152(4), 1314-1320.

  7. Pina-Zentella, G., de la Rosa, C., et al. Taurine in Adipocytes, Prevents Insulin-Mediated H2O Generation and Activates Pka and Lipolysis. Amino acids. May 2011. Published ahead of Print.

  8. Tito, T., Shaffer, S., et al. The Potential Usefulness of Taurine on Diabetes and its Complications. Amino acids. March 2011. Published Ahead of Print.

  9. Ricci, L., Valoti, M., et al. Taurine-Like GABA Aminotransferase Inhibitors Prevent Rabbit Brain Slices Against Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation Induced Damage. Amino Acids. June 2011. Published Ahead of Print.

  10. Genitle, C., Nivala, A., et al. Experimental Evidence of Therapeutic Potential of Taurine in the Treatment of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. American Journal of Physiology. December 2011. Published ahead of Print.

  11. Madani, Z., Louchami, K., et al. Dietary Sardine Protein Lowers Insulin Resistance, Leptin and TNF and Beneficially affects adipose Tissue Oxidative Stress in Rats with Fructose-Induced Metabolic Syndrome. International Journal of Molecular Medicine. February 2012. 29(2), 311-318.

  12. Yatabe, Y., Miyakawa, S., et al. Effects of Taurine Administration on Exercise. Advances in Experimental Medicines and Biology. 2009. 643, 245-255.

  13. Rutherford, J., Spriet, L., et al. The Effect of Acute Taurine Ingestion on Endurance Performance and Metabolism in Well-Trained Cyclists. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. August 2010. 20(4), 322-329.

  14. Hamilton, E., Berg, HJ., et al. The Effect of Taurine Depletion on the Contractile Properties and Fatigue in Fast-Twitch Skeletal Muscle of the Mouse. Amino acids. October 2001. 31(3), 273-280.

  15. Silva, L., Silveira, P., et al. Taurine Supplementation Decreases Oxidative Stress in Skeletal Muscle After Eccentric Exercise. Cell Biochemistry and Function. January 2011. 29(1), 43-49.

  16. Beyranvand, M., Khalafi, M., et al. Effect of Taurine Supplementation on Exercise Capacity of Patients with Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiology. May 2011. 57(3), 333-335.

  17. Rahman, M., Park, H., et al. Taurine Prevents Hypertension and Increases Exercise Capacity in Rats with Fructose-Induced Hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension. May 2011. 24(5), 574-580.

L-Leucine

  1. The Influence of Oral L-Glutamine Supplementation on Muscle Strength Recovery and Soreness Following Unilateral Knee Extension Eccentric Exercise

  2. A Multi-Ingredient Containing Carbohydrate, Proteins L-Glutamine and L-Carnitine Attenuates Fatigue Perception with No Effect on Performance, Muscle Damage or Immunity in Soccer Players

  3. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0125188

  4. Carvalho-Peixoto J, Alves RC, Cameron LC Glutamine and carbohydrate supplements reduce ammonemia increase during endurance field exercise . Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. (2007)

  5. MacLean DA, Graham TE, Saltin B. Branched-chain amino acids augment ammonia metabolism while attenuating protein breakdown during exercise. Am J Physiol 1994;267:E1010-22.

  6. Mittleman KD, Ricci MR, Bailey SP. Branched-chain amino acids prolong exercise during heat stress in men and women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30:83-91.

  7. Blomstrand E, Hassmen P, Ekblom B, et al. Administration of branched-chain amino acids during sustained exercise-effects on performance and on plasma concentration of some amino acids. Eur J Appl Physiol 1991;63:83-8.

  8. Plaitakis A, Smith J, Mandeli J, et al. Pilot trial of branched-chain amino acids in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Lancet 1988;1:1015-8.

  9. Soreide E, Skeie B, Kirvela O, et al. Branched-chain amino acid in chronic renal failure patients: respiratory and sleep effects. Kidney Int 1991;40:539-43.

L-Glutamine

  1. Supplementation "Bodybuilding For You", 2002

  2. Glutamine FAQ's "The Ministry of Fitness", 2000

  3. Glutamine Q&A "Pas-Fitness", New Castle, DE, 2002

  4. "The Healing Nutrients Within", E R Braverman & C C Pfeiffer, Keats, 1987.

  5. Elia M, Lunn PG. The use of glutamine in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in man. Nutrition, 13;7-8:743-747 1997.

  6. Keast D, et al. depression of plasma glutamine concentration after exercise stress and its possible influence on the immune system. Med J Aust, 162;1:15-18 1995.

  7. Quest Health Library, "l-glutamine", 2000.

Betaine Anhydrous

  1. Lee E.C., et al. Ergogenic effects of betaine supplementation on strength and power performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010 Jul 19; 7: 27.

  2. Trepanowski, J. F, et al. The effects of chronic betaine supplementation on exercise performance, skeletal muscle oxygen saturation and associated biochemical parameters in resistance trained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Dec; 25(12): 3461-71

  3. Pryor, J. L., et al. Effect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2012 Apr 3; 9(1): 12.

  4. Apicella, J. M., et al. Betaine supplementation enhances anabolic endocrine and Akt signaling in response to acute bouts of exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013 Mar; 113(3): 793-802.

  5. Cholewa, J. M., et al. Effects of betaine on body composition, performance, and homocysteine thiolactone. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2013 Aug 22; 10(1): 39.

L-Theanine

  1. Anti-stress effect of theanine on students during pharmacy practice: Positive correlation among salivary α-amylase activity, trait anxiety and subjective stress

  2. Psychological effects of dietary components of tea: caffeine and L-theanine

  3. The effects of L-theanine, caffeine and their combination on cognition and mood

  4. Effects of L-theanine or caffeine intake on changes in blood pressure under physical and psychological stresses

  5. Method of treating extreme physical or mental stress using L-theanine to obtain accelerated regeneration

  6. L-theanine and caffeine in combination affect human cognition as evidenced by oscillatory alpha-band activity and attention task performance

  7. L-Theanine promotes nitric oxide production in endothelial cells through eNOS phosphorylation

  8. L-theanine, a natural constituent in tea, and its effect on mental state.

  9. Assessing the effects of caffeine and theanine on the maintenance of vigilance during a sustained attention task.

  10. L-theanine and caffeine improve task switching but not intersensory attention or subjective alertness.

  11. The effects of L-theanine on alpha-band oscillatory brain activity during a visuo-spatial attention task.

  12. L-Theanine extends lifespan of adult Caenorhabditis elegans

  13. Eschenauer, Gregory, and Burgunda V. Sweet. "Pharmacology And Therapeutic Uses Of Theanine." American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy 63.1 (2006): 26. Academic Search

  14. Elite. Web. 12 Sept. 2012

  15. Improving mental regeneration after physical exercise

  16. Herbal Extracts and Phytochemicals: Plant Secondary Metabolites and the Enhancement of Human Brain Function

  17. http://www.smarternootropics.com/table-of-contents/l-theanine/


The Missing Link in Recovery

Recovery is the number one requirement for gains in natural drug free lifters. Without it, results are compromised. Muscle recovery only addresses one half of the equation. Joint recovery is the most overlooked element of intense training and mistakenly taken for granted. MECHAN-X redefines joint recovery and in doing so, will make you rethink the results you may have thought were achievable!

With the 5 best hand-selected joint recovery ingredients, MECHAN-X was created to normalize joint mechanics and restore pain free range of motion throughout your body.

MECHAN-X helps your body in two key ways:

  1. If you’re constantly shifting the load away from the muscles you’re trying to build to make it easier to handle the joint discomfort you’re feeling, you’ll never get as big or strong as you’d like. Period. By relieving joint pain, MECHAN-X allows you to put the stress of exercise overload back on the muscles it was intended for! No more letting knee pain hold you back from getting bigger legs. No more allowing shoulder pain to keep you from developing the chest and upper body you deserve from your hard training.
  2. By reducing joint inflammation, MECHAN-X allows you to stop compensating and shifting loads to other joints that are poorly equipped to handle them! Passing the job of the knees onto the low back is the fastest way to injure your lumbar spine! Asking your body to press overhead with poor or altered scapular mechanics is a recipe for chronic shoulder pain! With normalized joint mechanics now in place, you can lift heavier and harder, and recover faster than ever!

ATHLEAN RX MECHANX

Glucosamine Hydrochloride
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 300-500mg

ATHLEAN MECHANX CONTAINS: 800mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

The primary source of nourishment for connective tissue and cartilage. Best dosed in a 5:4 ratio with Chondroitin for maximum absorption and efficacy, as is found in MECHAN-X.

  • Faster recovery from injuries
  • Pain relief / reduction in pain levels
  • Reduction in joint swelling
  • Improved physical performance
Chondroitin Sulfate
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 4/5 ratio with Glucosamine

ATHLEAN MECHANX CONTAINS: 640mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

Used in concert with Glucosamine to restore healthy cartilage to bony surfaces comprising a joint. Best dosed in a 4:5 ratio with Glucosamine for maximum absorption and efficacy, as is found in MECHAN-X.

  • Faster recovery from injuries
  • Pain relief / reduction in pain levels
  • Reduction in joint swelling
  • Improved physical performance
Cissus Quandrangularis
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 300-600mg

ATHLEAN MECHANX CONTAINS: 550mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

Strengthens bones by enhancing calcium uptake. Studies of use in athletes revealed a significant reduction in sidelining bone fractures (6-8 week DL minimum) and speedier recovery from existing breaks.

  • Anti-inflammatory agent
  • Improves joint pain
  • Increases IGF in Bone Cells
  • Shown to protect against bone loss
Hyaluronic Acid
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 50-200mg

ATHLEAN MECHANX CONTAINS: 80mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

The missing element of a truly complete joint recovery formula, preserving joint fluid viscosity to ensure friction-free joint movement and prevent premature breakdown. When supplemented, has been shown to drastically reduce “warmup time” required to get game ready.

  • Supports healthy immune function
  • Protects joints from chronic inflammation
Boswellia Serrata
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 50-100mg

ATHLEAN MECHANX CONTAINS: 50mg

CLINICAL STUDIES

The Earth’s natural anti-inflammatory shown to safely and effectively combat joint inflammation at its source and prevent chronic pain from overuse.

  • Reduces cartilage degredation
  • Reduces pain
  • Improves Joint function

REFERENCES

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

  1. Bohmer D, Ambrus P, Szogy A, and G. Haralambie. A Treatment of chrondropathia patellae in young athletes with glucosamine sulfate. Current Topics in Sports Medicine, Vienna, Austria: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1984:799-803.

  2. Braham, R. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. Br J Sports Med 2003;37:45-49.

  3. Bruyee, O. et al. Correlation between radiographic severity on knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2003 jan;11(1):1-5.

  4. Burger, Martin et al. Observations of the influence of chondroitin sulphate on the rate of bone repair. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1962; 44B(3):674-687.

  5. Burke E. Nutrients that accelerate healing. Strength and Conditioning 1997:19-23.

  6. Crolle, G et al. Glucosamine sulphate for the management of arthrosis: a controlled clinical investigation. Curr. Med Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):104-109.

  7. D'Ambrosio E. Glucosamine sulphate: a controlled clinical investigation in arthrosis. Pharmatherapeutica 1981; 2(8):504-508.

  8. Das A Jr, Hammad TA. Efficacy of a combination of FCHG49 glucosamine hydrochloride, TRH122 low molecular weight sodium chondroitin sulfate and manganese ascorbate in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2000 Sep;8(5):343-50.

  9. Delafuente JC. Glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2000;26(1): 1-11.

  10. Drovanni A. Therapeutic activity of oral glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthrosis: a placebo-controlled double-blind investigation. Clinical Therapy 1980:260-272.

  11. Gottlieb MS. Conservative management of spinal osteoarthritis with glucosamine sulfate and chiropractic treatment. J Manipulative Ther 1997; 20(6):400-414.

  12. Kayne SB et al. Is glucosamine an effective treatment for osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis. The Pharmaceutical Journal 2000;265:750-763.

  13. Kelly GS. The role of glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfates in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. Altern Med Rev 1998;3(1): 27-39.

  14. Leffler CT, Philippi AF, Leffler SG, Mosure JC, Kim PD. Glucosamine, chondroitin, and manganese ascorbate for degenerative joint disease of the knee or low back: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Mil Med. 1999 Feb;164(2):85-91.

  15. Lippiello L, Woodward J, Karpman R, Hammad TA. In vivo chondroprotection and metabolic synergy of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Clin Orthop. 2000 Dec;(381):229-40.

  16. Lippiello L. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate: biological response modifiers of chondrocytes under simulated conditions of joint stress. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2003 May;11(5):335-42.

  17. Mazieres B et al. Chondroitin sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee: A prospective, double blind, placebo controlled multicenter clinical study. Journal of Rheumatology 2001;28:173-81.

  18. McAlindon TE, MP La Valley, JP Gulin and DT Felson. "Glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic quality assessment and meta-analysis," JAMA 2000; 283(11):1469-1475.

  19. McCarty M. Glucosamine for wound healing. Med Hypotheses 1996;47:273-5.

  20. Moss M. The effect of chondroitin sulfate on bone healing. Georgetown University School of Dentistry 1965; 20(6):795-801.

  21. Murad H. and Tabibian M. P., The effect of an oral supplement containing glucosamine, amino acids, minerals, and antioxidants on cutaneous aging: a preliminary study. J Dermatolog Treat 2001 Mar;12(1)47-51.

  22. Pujalte J et al. Double-blind clinical evaluation of oral glucosamine sulphate in the basic treatment of osteoarthrosis. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):110-114.

  23. Qiu, G. X., et al. Efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate versus ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Arzneimittelforschung 1998 May;48(5):469-474.

  24. Reginster J. Effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet 2001; 357(9252):251-256.

  25. Reichelt A, Forster K, Fisher M, et al. Efficacy and safety of intramuscular glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Arzneimittelforschung 1994;44:75-80.

  26. Rindone J, Hiller D, Collacott E, et al. Randomized, controlled trials of glucosamine for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. West J Med 2000;172:91-4.

  27. Ronca, L., et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of chondroitin sulfate. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 1998; 6 Supp:14-21.

  28. Setnikar I et al. Antiarthritic effects of glucosamine sulfate studied in animal models, Arzmelm-Forch/Drug Res 1991; 41(5):541-545.

  29. Uebelhard, D., et al. Effects of oral chondroitin sulfate on the progression of knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1998 May;6 Suppl A:39-46.

  30. Vajaradul Y. Double-blind clinical evaluation of intra-articular glucosamine in outpatients with gonarthrosis. Clinical Therapy 1981:336-342.

  31. van Blitterswijk WJ, van de Nes JC, Wuisman PI. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate supplementation to treat symptomatic disc degeneration: biochemical rationale and case report. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2003 Jun 10;3(1):2.
  32. Vaz AL. Double-blind clinical evaluation of the relative efficacy of ibuprofen and glucosamine sulphate in the management of osteoarthrosis of the knee in out-patients. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1982; 8(3):145-149.

Chondroitin Sulfate

  1. Bohmer D, Ambrus P, Szogy A, and G. Haralambie. A Treatment of chrondropathia patellae in young athletes with glucosamine sulfate. Current Topics in Sports Medicine, Vienna, Austria: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1984:799-803.

  2. Braham, R. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. Br J Sports Med 2003;37:45-49.

  3. Bruyee, O. et al. Correlation between radiographic severity on knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2003 jan;11(1):1-5.

  4. Burger, Martin et al. Observations of the influence of chondroitin sulphate on the rate of bone repair. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1962; 44B(3):674-687.

  5. Burke E. Nutrients that accelerate healing. Strength and Conditioning 1997:19-23.

  6. Crolle, G et al. Glucosamine sulphate for the management of arthrosis: a controlled clinical investigation. Curr. Med Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):104-109.

  7. D'Ambrosio E. Glucosamine sulphate: a controlled clinical investigation in arthrosis. Pharmatherapeutica 1981; 2(8):504-508.

  8. Das A Jr, Hammad TA. Efficacy of a combination of FCHG49 glucosamine hydrochloride, TRH122 low molecular weight sodium chondroitin sulfate and manganese ascorbate in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2000 Sep;8(5):343-50.

  9. Delafuente JC. Glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2000;26(1): 1-11.

  10. Drovanni A. Therapeutic activity of oral glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthrosis: a placebo-controlled double-blind investigation. Clinical Therapy 1980:260-272.

  11. Gottlieb MS. Conservative management of spinal osteoarthritis with glucosamine sulfate and chiropractic treatment. J Manipulative Ther 1997; 20(6):400-414.

  12. Kayne SB et al. Is glucosamine an effective treatment for osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis. The Pharmaceutical Journal 2000;265:750-763.

  13. Kelly GS. The role of glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfates in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. Altern Med Rev 1998;3(1): 27-39.

  14. Leffler CT, Philippi AF, Leffler SG, Mosure JC, Kim PD. Glucosamine, chondroitin, and manganese ascorbate for degenerative joint disease of the knee or low back: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Mil Med. 1999 Feb;164(2):85-91.

  15. Lippiello L, Woodward J, Karpman R, Hammad TA. In vivo chondroprotection and metabolic synergy of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Clin Orthop. 2000 Dec;(381):229-40.

  16. Lippiello L. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate: biological response modifiers of chondrocytes under simulated conditions of joint stress. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2003 May;11(5):335-42.

  17. Mazieres B et al. Chondroitin sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee: A prospective, double blind, placebo controlled multicenter clinical study. Journal of Rheumatology 2001;28:173-81.

  18. McAlindon TE, MP La Valley, JP Gulin and DT Felson. "Glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic quality assessment and meta-analysis," JAMA 2000; 283(11):1469-1475.

  19. McCarty M. Glucosamine for wound healing. Med Hypotheses 1996;47:273-5.

  20. Moss M. The effect of chondroitin sulfate on bone healing. Georgetown University School of Dentistry 1965; 20(6):795-801.

  21. Murad H. and Tabibian M. P., The effect of an oral supplement containing glucosamine, amino acids, minerals, and antioxidants on cutaneous aging: a preliminary study. J Dermatolog Treat 2001 Mar;12(1)47-51.

  22. Pujalte J et al. Double-blind clinical evaluation of oral glucosamine sulphate in the basic treatment of osteoarthrosis. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1980; 7(2):110-114.

  23. Qiu, G. X., et al. Efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate versus ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Arzneimittelforschung 1998 May;48(5):469-474.

  24. Reginster J. Effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet 2001; 357(9252):251-256.

  25. Reichelt A, Forster K, Fisher M, et al. Efficacy and safety of intramuscular glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Arzneimittelforschung 1994;44:75-80.

  26. Rindone J, Hiller D, Collacott E, et al. Randomized, controlled trials of glucosamine for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. West J Med 2000;172:91-4.

  27. Ronca, L., et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of chondroitin sulfate. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 1998; 6 Supp:14-21.

  28. Setnikar I et al. Antiarthritic effects of glucosamine sulfate studied in animal models, Arzmelm-Forch/Drug Res 1991; 41(5):541-545.

  29. Uebelhard, D., et al. Effects of oral chondroitin sulfate on the progression of knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1998 May;6 Suppl A:39-46.

  30. Vajaradul Y. Double-blind clinical evaluation of intra-articular glucosamine in outpatients with gonarthrosis. Clinical Therapy 1981:336-342.

  31. van Blitterswijk WJ, van de Nes JC, Wuisman PI. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate supplementation to treat symptomatic disc degeneration: biochemical rationale and case report. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2003 Jun 10;3(1):2.
  32. Vaz AL. Double-blind clinical evaluation of the relative efficacy of ibuprofen and glucosamine sulphate in the management of osteoarthrosis of the knee in out-patients. Curr. Med. Res. Opin 1982; 8(3):145-149.

Cissus Quandrangularis

  1. Bah, S., Paulsen, B. S., Diallo, D., and Johansen, H. T. Characterization of cysteine proteases in Malian medicinal plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 9-19-2006;107(2):189-198. View abstract.

  2. Balachandran, B., Sivaswamy, S. N., and Sivaramakrishnan, V. M. Genotoxic effects of some foods & food components in Swiss mice. Indian J Med Res 1991;94:378-383. View abstract.

  3. Bhujade, A. M., Talmale, S., Kumar, N., Gupta, G., Reddanna, P., Das, S. K., and Patil, M. B. Evaluation of Cissus quadrangularis extracts as an inhibitor of COX, 5-LOX, and proinflammatory mediators. J Ethnopharmacol. 6-14-2012;141(3):989-996. View abstract.

  4. Bongaard, BS. Botanical Agents for the Treatment of Obesity, Lipid Abnormalities, and Metabolic Syndrome. Alternative Medicine Alert 2007;10(8):85-88.

  5. Chidambara Murthy, K. N., Vanitha, A., Mahadeva, Swamy M., and Ravishankar, G. A. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Cissus quadrangularis L. J Med Food 2003;6(2):99-105. View abstract.

  6. Chidambaram, J. and Carani, Venkatraman A. Cissus quadrangularis stem alleviates insulin resistance, oxidative injury and fatty liver disease in rats fed high fat plus fructose diet. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48(8-9):2021-2029. View abstract.

  7. Chopra, S. S., Patel, M. R., and Awadhiya, R. P. Studies of Cissus quadrangularis in experimental fracture repair : a histopathological study. Indian J Med Res 1976;64(9):1365-1368. View abstract.

  8. Chopra, S. S., Patel, M. R., Gupta, L. P., and Datta, I. C. Studies on Cissus quadrangularis in experimental fracture repair: effect on chemical parameters in blood. Indian J Med Res 1975;63(6):824-828. View abstract.

  9. Das PK, Sanyal AK. Studies on Cissus Quadrangularis Linn. I. Acetylcholine Like Action of the Total Extract. Indian J Med Res 1964;52:63-67. View abstract.

  10. de Almeida ER, de Oliveira JR Lucena FF Soares RP Couto GB. The action of extract of the dry leaves of Cissus sicyoides L. in pregnant rats. Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense (Argentina) 2006;25:421-424.

  11. Dhatrak Sarang, Thawani Vijay Gharpure Kunda Apte Indrayani Masand Anil Hingorani Lal and Khiyani Raj. Effect of Herbal Combination in Low Bone Mass Density Patients. International Journal of Drug Discovery and Technology 2011;2(1):9-14.

  12. Hasani-Ranjbar, S., Nayebi, N., Larijani, B., and Abdollahi, M. A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines used in the treatment of obesity. World J Gastroenterol. 7-7-2009;15(25):3073-3085. View abstract.

  13. Hema R, Kumaravel S Ruffina D. Antimicrobial activity of some Indian herbs against plant pathogens. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism 2010;22(4):138-139.

  14. Jain, A., Dixit, J., and Prakash, D. Modulatory effects of Cissus quadrangularis on periodontal regeneration by bovine-derived hydroxyapatite in intrabony defects: exploratory clinical trial. J Int.Acad.Periodontol. 2008;10(2):59-65. View abstract.

  15. Jainu M, Shyamala Devi CS. In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Free-Radical Scavenging Potential of Cissus quadrangularis. Pharmaceutical Biology 2005;43(9):773-779.

  16. Jainu, M. and Devi, C. S. Effect of Cissus quadrangularis on gastric mucosal defensive factors in experimentally induced gastric ulcer-a comparative study with sucralfate. J Med Food 2004;7(3):372-376. View abstract.

  17. Jainu, M. and Mohan, K. V. Protective role of ascorbic acid isolated from Cissus quadrangularis on NSAID induced toxicity through immunomodulating response and growth factors expression. Int.Immunopharmacol. 12-20-2008;8(13-14):1721-1727. View abstract.

  18. Jainu, M. and Shyamala Devi, C. S. Attenuation of neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokines by Cissus quadrangularis: a possible prevention against gastric ulcerogenesis. J Herb.Pharmacother. 2005;5(3):33-42. View abstract.

  19. Jainu, M., Mohan, K. V., and Devi, C. S. Protective effect of Cissus quadrangularis on neutrophil mediated tissue injury induced by aspirin in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 4-6-2006;104(3):302-305. View abstract.

  20. Jainu, M., Vijaimohan, K., and Kannan, K. Cissus quadrangularis L. extract attenuates chronic ulcer by possible involvement of polyamines and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Pharmacogn.Mag. 2010;6(23):225-233. View abstract.

  21. Kumar, M., Rawat, P., Dixit, P., Mishra, D., Gautam, A. K., Pandey, R., Singh, D., Chattopadhyay, N., and Maurya, R. Anti-osteoporotic constituents from Indian medicinal plants. Phytomedicine 2010;17(13):993-999. View abstract.

  22. Kumar, R., Sharma, A. K., Saraf, S. A., and Gupta, R. CNS activity of aqueous extract of root of cissus quadrangularis linn. (Vitaceae). J Diet.Suppl 2010;7(1):1-8. View abstract.

  23. Mehta, M., Kaur, N., and Bhutani, K. K. Determination of marker constituents from Cissus quadrangularis Linn. and their quantitation by HPTLC and HPLC. Phytochem.Anal. 2001;12(2):91-95. View abstract.

  24. Muthusami, S., Senthilkumar, K., Vignesh, C., Ilangovan, R., Stanley, J., Selvamurugan, N., and Srinivasan, N. Effects of Cissus quadrangularis on the proliferation, differentiation and matrix mineralization of human osteoblast like SaOS-2 cells. J Cell Biochem 2011;112(4):1035-1045. View abstract.

  25. O'Mathúna DP. Herbal Remedies for Weight Loss. Alternative Medicine Alert 2011;14(4):37.

  26. Opoku, A. R., Geheeb-Keller, M., Lin, J., Terblanche, S. E., Hutchings, A., Chuturgoon, A., and Pillay, D. Preliminary screening of some traditional Zulu medicinal plants for antineoplastic activities versus the HepG2 cell line. Phytother.Res 2000;14(7):534-537. View abstract.

  27. Panpimanmas, S., Sithipongsri, S., Sukdanon, C., and Manmee, C. Experimental comparative study of the efficacy and side effects of Cissus quadrangularis L. (Vitaceae) to Daflon (Servier) and placebo in the treatment of acute hemorrhoids. J Med Assoc.Thai. 2010;93(12):1360-1367. View abstract.

  28. Parisuthiman, D., Singhatanadgit, W., Dechatiwongse, T., and Koontongkaew, S. Cissus quadrangularis extract enhances biomineralization through up-regulation of MAPK-dependent alkaline phosphatase activity in osteoblasts. In Vitro Cell Dev.Biol.Anim 2009;45(3-4):194-200. View abstract.

  29. Potu, B. K., Bhat, K. M., Rao, M. S., Nampurath, G. K., Chamallamudi, M. R., Nayak, S. R., and Muttigi, M. S. Petroleum ether extract of Cissus quadrangularis (Linn.) enhances bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and facilitates osteoblastogenesis. Clinics.(Sao Paulo) 2009;64(10):993-998. View abstract.

  30. Potu, B. K., Nampurath, G. K., Rao, M. S., and Bhat, K. M. Effect of Cissus quadrangularis Linn on the development of osteopenia induced by ovariectomy in rats. Clin Ter. 2011;162(4):307-312. View abstract.

  31. Potu, B. K., Rao, M. S., Kutty, N. G., Bhat, K. M., Chamallamudi, M. R., and Nayak, S. R. Petroleum ether extract of Cissus quadrangularis (LINN) stimulates the growth of fetal bone during intra uterine developmental period: a morphometric analysis. Clinics.(Sao Paulo) 2008;63(6):815-820. View abstract.

  32. Potu, B. K., Rao, M. S., Nampurath, G. K., Chamallamudi, M. R., Nayak, S. R., and Thomas, H. Anti-osteoporotic activity of the petroleum ether extract of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. in ovariectomized Wistar rats. Chang Gung.Med J 2010;33(3):252-257. View abstract.

  33. Potu, B. K., Rao, M. S., Nampurath, G. K., Chamallamudi, M. R., Prasad, K., Nayak, S. R., Dharmavarapu, P. K., Kedage, V., and Bhat, K. M. Evidence-based assessment of antiosteoporotic activity of petroleum-ether extract of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. Ups.J Med Sci 2009;114(3):140-148. View abstract.

  34. PRASAD, G. C. and UDUPA, K. N. EFFECT OF CISSUS QUADRANGULARIS ON THE HEALING OF CORTISONE TREATED FRACTURES. Indian J Med Res 1963;51:667-676. View abstract.

  35. Shah, U. M., Patel, S. M., Patel, P. H., Hingorani, L., and Jadhav, R. B. Development and Validation of a Simple Isocratic HPLC Method for Simultaneous Estimation of Phytosterols in Cissus quadrangularis. Indian J Pharm.Sci 2010;72(6):753-758. View abstract.

  36. Shanthi G, Vijay kanth G Hitesh L Ganesan M. Antiulcerogenic activities of the methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis in wistar. Internet Journal of Toxicology 2010;7(2)

  37. Shirwaikar, A., Khan, S., and Malini, S. Antiosteoporotic effect of ethanol extract of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. on ovariectomized rat. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;89(2-3):245-250. View abstract.

  38. Singh SP, Misra N Dixit KS et al. An experimental study of analgesic activity of cissus quadrangularis. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 1984;16(3):162-163.

  39. SINGH, L. M. and UDUPA, K. N. Studies on "Cissus Quadrangularis" in fracture by using phosphorus 32. III. Indian J Med Sci 1962;16:926-931. View abstract.

  40. Sivaswamy, S. N., Balachandran, B., Balanehru, S., and Sivaramakrishnan, V. M. Mutagenic activity of south Indian food items. Indian J Exp.Biol. 1991;29(8):730-737. View abstract.

  41. Srisook, K., Palachot, M., Mongkol, N., Srisook, E., and Sarapusit, S. Anti-inflammatory effect of ethyl acetate extract from Cissus quadrangularis Linn may be involved with induction of heme oxygenase-1 and suppression of NF-kappaB activation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2-16-2011;133(3):1008-1014. View abstract.

  42. Thawani VR, Kimmatkar N Hingorani LL Khiyani RM. Effect of herbal combination containing cissus quadrangularis in fracture healing. The Antiseptic 2002;99(9):345-347.

  43. UDUPA, K. N. and PRASAD, G. BIOMECHANICAL AND CALCIUM-45 STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF CISSUS QUADRANGULARIS IN FRACTURE REPAIR. Indian J Med Res 1964;52:480-487. View abstract.

  44. UDUPA, K. N. and PRASAD, G. C. FURTHER STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF CISSUS QUADRANGULARIS IN ACCELERATING FRACTURE HEALING. Indian J Med Res 1964;52:26-35. View abstract.

  45. UDUPA, K. N., ARNIKAR, H. J., and SINGH, L. M. Experimental studies of the use of 'cissus quadrangularis' in healing of fractures. II. Indian J Med Sci 1961;15:551-557. View abstract.

  46. Viswanatha Swamy, A. H., Kulkarni, R. V., Thippeswamy, A. H., Koti, B. C., and Gore, A. Evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of Cissus quadrangularis stem extract against isoniazid-induced liver damage in rats. Indian J Pharmacol. 2010;42(6):397-400. View abstract.

  47. Bah S, Jager AK, Adsersen A, et al. Antiplasmodial and GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor binding activities of five plants used in traditional medicine in Mali, West Africa. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;110:451-7. View abstract.

  48. Barakat SEM, Adam SEI, Maglad MA, Wasfi IA. Effects of Cissus quadrangularis on goats and sheep in Sudan. Rev Elev Med Vet Pays Trop 1985;38:185-94. View abstract.

  49. Jainu M, Devi CS. Gastroprotective action of Cissus quadrangularis extract against NSAID induced gastric ulcer: role of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative damage. Chem Biol Interact 2006;161:262-70. View abstract.

  50. Jainu M, Mohan KV, Devi CSS. Gastroprotective effect of Cissus quadrangularis extract in rats with experimentally induced ulcer. Indian J Med Res 2006;123:799-806. View abstract.

  51. Oben J, Enyegue DM, Fomekong G, et al. The effect of Cissus quadrangularis (CQR-300) and a Cissus formulation (CORE) on obesity and obesity-induced oxidative stress. Lipids Health Dis 2007;6:4. View abstract.

  52. Oben J, Kuate D, Agbor G, et al. The use of a Cissus quadrangularis formulation in the management of weight loss and metabolic syndrome. Lipids Health Dis 2006, 5:24. View abstract.

  53. Oben JE, Ngondi JL, Momo CN, et al. The use of Cissus quadrangularis/Irvingia gabonensis combination in the management of weight loss: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Lipids Health Dis 2008;7:12. View abstract.

  54. Panthong A, Supraditaporn W, Kanjanapothi D, et al. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and venotonic effects of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;110:264-70. View abstract.

  55. Singh G, Rawat P, Maurya R. Constituents of Cissus quadrangularis. Nat Prod Res 2007;21:522-8. View abstract.

Hyaluronic Acid

  1. Iwaso H, Sato T. Examination of the efficacy and safety of oral administration of Hyabest J, highly pure hyaluronic acid, for knee joint pain. Journal of Japanese Society of Clinical Sports Medicine. 2009;17(3):566–572.
  2. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012; 2012: 167928.
    Published online 2012 Nov 20. doi:  10.1100/2012/167928
    PMCID: PMC3512263
    Oral Administration of Polymer Hyaluronic Acid Alleviates Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study over a 12-Month Period
    Toshiyuki Tashiro, 1 Satoshi Seino, 2 Toshihide Sato, 2 Ryosuke Matsuoka, 2 ,* Yasunobu Masuda, 2 and Naoshi Fukui 3
  3. Nagaoka I, Nabeshima K, Murakami S, et al. Evaluation of the effects of a supplementary diet containing chicken comb extract on symptoms and cartilage metabolism in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. 2010;1(5):817–827. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  4. Kalman DS, Heimer M, Valdeon A, Schwartz H, Sheldon E. Effect of a natural extract of chicken combs with a high content of hyaluronic acid (Hyal-Joint) on pain relief and quality of life in subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a pilot randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Nutrition Journal. 2008;7(1, article 3) [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Boswellia Serrata

  1. Sengupta K, et al Comparative efficacy and tolerability of 5-Loxin and AflapinAgainst osteoarthritis of the knee: a double blind, randomized, placebo controlled clinical study. Int J Med Sci. (2010)
  2. Gupta PK, et al Clinical evaluation of Boswellia serrata (Shallaki) resin in the management of Sandhivata (osteoarthritis) .Ayu. (2011)
  3. Vishal AA, Mishra A, Raychaudhuri SP A double blind, randomized, placebo controlled clinical study evaluates the early efficacy of aflapin in subjects with osteoarthritis of knee. Int J Med Sci. (2011)
  4. Gupta I, et alEffects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with bronchial asthma: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical study . Eur J Med Res. (1998)
  5. Pedretti A, et al Effects of topical boswellic acid on photo and age-damaged skin: clinical, biophysical, and echographic evaluations in a double-blind, randomized, split-face study . Planta Med. (2010)
  6. Sengupta K, et alA double blind, randomized, placebo controlled study of the efficacy and safety of 5-Loxin for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Res Ther. (2008)
  7. Flavin DF A lipoxygenase inhibitor in breast cancer brain metastases. J Neurooncol. (2007)

THE POWER

Labeled the "Gatekeeper To Your Metabolism", highly purified Omega-3's have been shown to control whether your body stores fat or burns it... builds new muscle or breaks down what you have. Stop letting joint pain and inflammation ruin your workouts!

Pharmaceutical grade Omega-3's get right to the source of the pain by lubricating achy joints and preventing inflammation before it starts so you can feel what it's like to train without pain again!

If you’re not eating fish at least 4 times a week you’re not getting enough of the Essential Omega-3 fatty acids you need and it could be costing you any chance of maximizing your lean muscle building and fat loss efforts.

Appearing in highest concentration in brain cells... Omega-3's are deeply rooted in the functions of memory, mental alertness and reaction time. Multitask and organize with ease with a level of laser focus you most likely haven't experienced in awhile.

Omega-3 fatty acids can protect your body against the accumulation of the protein believed to be linked to Alzheimer's disease, according to studies published in The Journal of Neuroscience. Just another example of why EFA's have been given the reputation as an ingestible Fountain of Youth.

As the ONLY supplement endorsed by the American Heart Association... Omega-3's have been PROVEN to increase "good" cholesterol and decrease LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and heart disease risk! (Arm yourself with your daily combatant against the #1 killer in America)

THE SCIENCE

When you workout you cause a mechanical breakdown of muscle tissue and muscle fiber micro-damage/inflammation. While this is a desired and necessary stimulus from which muscle regeneration and growth can occur... left uncontrolled, your body finds it nearly impossible to recover prior to the next workout and you wind up quickly descending into a vicious cycle of inflammatory overtraining. Simple math states that when you break down muscle cells faster than you can repair them... YOU DON'T GET RESULTS!

Omega-3's prevent this from happening by blocking excess inflammation before it starts (through powerful chemicals called prostaglandins) and therefore keeping the muscle repair process between workouts to a minimum. Think of them as your body's natural "firefighters" that race to the scene to put out the "flames" of muscle and connective tissue breakdown just before they get out of control and make growth impossible. But that's not all. Exciting new research is showing that the combination of ultra high grade omega-3's with protein is proving to produce even greater muscle building gains than protein alone, so those already consuming the typical high protein "bodybuilders" diet will see even more immediate changes to their bodies and reward for their hard efforts in the gym with the addition of pharmaceutical grade EFA's!

As fat burners, their potential gets even more intriguing. By keeping virtually every cell in your body operating at peak efficiency, pharmaceutical grade omega-3's can help you to achieve what's known as Peak Metabolic Activity (PMA) and speed up even the slowest metabolism to become a virtual fat burning furnace! Add in their scientifically proven abilities to stabilize key weight management hormones like insulin and leptin (which control your appetite and how your body stores fat) and you've got the ultimate ally in your battle to achieve sub-10% body fat levels year round.

As the key building blocks to not only your muscle and fat cells but EVERY cell in your body, omega-3 fatty acids can impact your overall health and metabolism more significantly than any other supplement you can put in your body. Fail to include them in your supplement regimen (or even worse... turn to inferior sources to get them) and your body will pay the price as you suffer the effects of overtraining at a cellular level.

THE FACTS

You cannot synthesize essential fatty acids on your own... you absolutely need to find a reliable source to get them from if you're going to optimize your health. They're called ESSENTIAL for very good reason!

DR C's OMEGA'3

 

1080 EPA/720 DHA Concentration of Pharmaceutical Grade EFA’s
CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE DOSAGE: 2-3g

OMEGA3 CONTAINS 3g per daily serving

CLINICAL STUDIES

Omega–3 fatty acids are considered essential fatty acids because humans cannot make them; therefore, they must be obtained through the diet or supplementation. Fish oils are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids that offer numerous health, as well as a variety of performance-enhancing effects, such as increasing muscle growth, improving strength and physical performance, reducing exercise-induced muscle damage and delayed-onset muscle soreness, combating negative immune effects of intensive training, strengthening bones, improving heart and lung functioning, and enhancing cognitive functioning.

  • Increases protein synthesis
  • Lowers cortisol and counters mental stress
  • Reduces vascular response to stress
  • Improves immune response to intense exercise

REFERENCES

Omega3

  1. Harris WS. Fish oil supplementation: evidence for health benefits. Cleve Clin J Med. 2004 Mar;71(3):208-10, 212, 215-8 passim.

  2. Watkins BA, et al. Dietary supplementation with n-3 PUFA attenuated musculoskeletal atrophy associated with disuse. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Washington D.C., April, 2004. Abstract #610.4.

  3. Walser B, Giordano RM, Stebbins CL. Dietary supplementation with DHA and EPA augments skeletal muscle blood flow during rhythmic contraction. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, #688.8, San Diego, CA, April, 2005.

  4. Hill AM, Buckley JD, Murphy KJ, Howe PR. Combining fish-oil supplements with regular aerobic exercise improves body composition and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 May;85(5):1267-74.

  5. Tartibian B, Maleki BH, Abbasi A. The effects of ingestion of omega-3 fatty acids on perceived pain and external symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness in untrained men. Clin J Sport Med. 2009 Mar;19(2):115-9.

  6. Schuchardt JP, Schneider I, Meyer H, Neubronner J, von Schacky C, Hahn A. Incorporation of EPA and DHA into plasma phospholipids in response to different omega-3 fatty acid formulations - a comparative bioavailability study of fish oil vs. krill oil. Lipids Health Dis. 2011 Aug 22;10:145.