EstimatedEst. Read Time: 43 minutes
leg workouts ultimate guide

THE ULTIMATE LEG WORKOUT GUIDE

Most people think that as long as their leg day workout includes exercises for the quadriceps and hamstrings, they are good to go. Mission accomplished, right?

Not even close.

So, what is the best workout for legs?

There is a LOT more to leg training than you may think, especially if you’re a hard gainer with a pair of chicken legs.

You don’t need to perform dozens of leg exercises, but you need to know what exercises to choose to see the best results.

Here’s a breakdown of what you’ll get in this complete guide to leg day workouts:

This step-by-step guide is broken down into sections to help you find exactly the information you’re looking for.

I’ll also be answering some commonly asked questions related to leg exercises and leg day workouts including can leg workouts make you faster, what are the best leg workouts for knees, and how to do leg exercises with dumbbells?

Let’s get to it!

leg muscles anatomy including vastus medialis and lateralis, adductors, abductors, rectus femoris, semitendinosis, biceps femoris

1) LEG MUSCLE ANATOMY

The quads, hamstrings, adductors, and abductors are all important muscle groups in the legs that can be targeted with leg workouts at the gym or leg workouts at home.

As always, I’ll help you understand the anatomy of the legs with my trusty Muscle Markers.

THE QUADRICEPS

The Quadriceps muscle has four heads or sections:

VASTUS MEDIALIS

Play Button
vastus medialis leg muscle
The Vastus Medialis is the medial component of the quad on the inside of the knee. Its main function is to help with extension of the knee.

On the inside of the knee, you’ll find the Vastus Medialis. This is the medial component of the quad and its primary function is to help with knee extension.

VASTUS INTERMEDIUS

Play Button
vastus intermedius leg muscle cant be seen but is below the rectus femoris
The Vastus Intermedius is the medial component of the quad beneath the muscle in the middle of the knee and can’t be directly seen. It is also involved in extension of the knee.

You can’t see the Vastus Intermedius, but I promise you it’s there, right in the middle of the quad. This section is also involved in the extension of the knee.

VASTUS LATERALIS

Play Button
The Vastus Lateralis is the lateral component of the quad on the outside of the knee. This muscle also helps with extension of the knee.

On the outside of the thigh is the Vastus Lateralis and just like the others, it helps with knee extension.

RECTUS FEMORIS

Play Button
rectus femoris leg muscle
The Rectus Femoris is the only component of the quads that has an attachment above the hip, allowing us to have some function on the hip and its ability to lift you into flexion.

The only component of the quads that has an attachment above the hip is the rectus femoris. That means it helps with hip function, particularly the hips ability to lift you into flexion.

THE HAMSTRINGS

Flip to the back of your legs, and that’s where you’ll find the hamstrings. The hamstrings have two main sections:

BICEPS FEMORIS

Play Button
biceps femoris leg muscle
The Biceps Femoris is the outside lateral component of the Hamstring.

The Biceps Femoris is on the outside of the Hamstrings.

SEMITENDINOSUS

Play Button
semitendinosis leg muscle
The Semitendinosus is the inside lateral component of the Hamstring.

The Semitendinosus is on the inside of the Hamstrings.

THE ADDUCTORS

One of the most neglected yet important muscle groups is the adductors. You’ll find these muscles on the inside of the thighs.

ADDUCTORS

Play Button
adductor muscles of leg
The Adductors are on the inside of the anterior chain and it's important not to neglect them in your leg training.

The Adductors are on the inside of the anterior chain and they help with rotation and flexion.

THE ABDUCTORS

The Abductors are a muscle group on the outside of your legs that require separate targeted training:

ABDUCTORS

The Abductors tend to be weak because most people neglect them, which is a big mistake because this all-too important muscle helps to move your legs outward while guaranteeing stability during single-leg exercises.

THE CALVES

Finally, we get to the bottom of the leg with the calves. There are two parts to the calf muscle: the Gastrocnemius and the Soleus.

GASTROCNEMIUS

The Gastrocnemius is the larger part of the calf, and the main part that most people associate with big calves.

But there’s a big catch here.

You need the soleus just as much if you want to build three-dimensional calves. I’ll explain more below.

calf muscle anatomy including gastrocnemius and soleus muscles

The Gastrocnemius helps with leg flexion at the knee and plantar flexion at the foot.

SOLEUS

The soleus is behind the gastrocnemius. While the latter gets the fame as the big part of the calf, it’s thanks to the soleus.

The upper part of the soleus muscle fiber is behind the gastrocnemius. That means if you can increase the size of the soleus, this will push the gastroc outward.

The result?

Your entire calf will look larger and more developed.

2) WHY ARE LEG WORKOUTS IMPORTANT?

Legs are the base of support for every functional activity we do both inside and outside of leg workouts with weights.

Without a strong lower body, we’re at a huge disadvantage when it comes to most sports, leg workouts, and day-to-day physical endeavors.

Think about it – every time we jump, sprint, change directions, or lift something heavy off the ground, which muscle group is doing the majority of the work?

Your legs!

That’s why having strong legs is so important for everyone – athletes and gym-goers alike.

But let’s further that point, focusing on athletes and those training with a specific performance goal in mind.

Depending on the exercises and how you adjust the variables, training the legs can significantly improve athleticism including speed, agility, and explosivity.

These are all qualities that directly translate to better performance on the field, court or ice.

CAN LEG WORKOUTS MAKE YOU FASTER?

The simple answer is yes, but there’s a bit more to it than that.

Doing any old leg workout won’t make you significantly faster, but if the exercises and sets/reps are programmed correctly, you can see some serious improvements in your acceleration, speed, and explosiveness.

When you train your legs with things like Sprints or Plyometrics, you’re actually teaching your nervous system to fire more quickly and efficiently.

This translates into better neuromuscular coordination, which is a fancy way of saying that your brain and muscles are working together more efficiently.

In other words, when you train your legs properly, you’re essentially teaching your body how to move faster and stronger with more accuracy.

CAN LEG WORKOUTS INCREASE YOUR VERTICAL?

Continuing with the point above, leg workouts can increase your vertical jump.

This is because, as we just discussed, they improve neuromuscular connection and help those fast-twitch – power-based – muscle fibers fire quicker with greater efficiency.

Leg exercises that focus on building explosive power such as Weighted Jump Squats or using a Plyo Swing will directly transfer to your vertical jump.

These types of exercises train your muscles to produce the most force possible in the shortest amount of time, which is exactly what you need to do when jumping.

HOW MANY DAYS A WEEK SHOULD YOU WORK LEGS?

If you want to see all the benefits associated with leg workouts, how many days a week should you work your legs?

Do you have to spend hours in the gym every day?

No! But you do need to be consistent with your workouts and dedication.

At the very least, you need one day fully dedicated to leg training, but optimally, you’ll hit your legs twice per week.

3) WHAT IS THE BEST LEG WORKOUT?

What makes an amazing – not just a good – leg workout?

The best leg workout is going to do three important things:

  • Target all the leg muscles
  • Hit every function of the legs
  • Work the legs through all three planes of motion

This includes hitting not just the largest leg muscles, but all the smaller leg muscles as well as the hips.

And the best way to create a perfect leg workout is to introduce exercises based on exercise type – not just because it’s the featured exercise of the week on someone’s channel.

The type of exercise usually corresponds with its function, so we’ll knock out two birds with one stone.

There are six major types of leg exercises that I’m going to make sure we address. I’m also going to provide you with the optimal exercise for each type.

ANTERIOR CHAIN COMPOUND LIFTS

To kick off your leg workout, I want you to start with an exercise that allows you to go heavier.

I’m talking, of course, about the king of leg exercises: the Barbell Back Squat.

BARBELL SQUATS

Play Button
barbell squats exercise
Barbell Squats are by far the best compound movement for the legs.

HOW TO DO IT:  Start with your feet shoulder width apart. Grab the bar from the rack and place it upon your traps – not your neck. Begin slowly lowering your body through the entire range of motion until your thigh muscles are parallel or just beyond parallel to the floor. Contract the glutes to force yourself to stand up into an upright position.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The Barbell Squat is one of the foundational leg exercises for building strength in the lower body muscles. It’s a classic for a reason: it works!

POSTERIOR CHAIN COMPOUND LIFTS

Next up, we’re going to target your posterior chain with a compound exercise that hits the hamstrings and glutes in one powerful movement.

Are you expecting deadlifts?

You might be surprised to know that deadlifts are not my pick for the posterior chain. Instead, I’m going with the Barbell Hip Thrust.

BARBELL HIP THRUST

If your main goal is building strength and muscle mass, the Barbell Hip Thrust allows you to use a heavier load. So, it’s perfect as a strength and muscle builder.

Play Button
barbell hip thrust glutes exercise
The Barbell Hip Thrust allows us to use a heavier load and is the preferred option if your main goal is training for strength.

HOW TO DO IT: Place your feet at shoulder width. Lie with your upper body and feet flat on the floor. Bend your knees at a 90-degree angle. Place your shoulder and head on a bench or stable box. Rest the barbell on your pelvis near your hip flexors. Adjust your hands so you have a grip at shoulder width or just outside of shoulder width. Contract your glutes and drive your hips up. Squeeze through the hamstrings. Pause at the top and slowly lower yourself to the starting position.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This helps you recruit your glutes to be the main driver of the movement, and then allow the hamstrings to assist. Many of us do not have good control over our glutes, so starting out with a lighter weight helps us to establish that mind muscle connection to the glutes.

SINGLE LEG TRAINING

This helps you recruit your glutes to be the main driver of the movement, and then allow the hamstrings to assist. Many of us do not have good control over our glutes, so starting out with a lighter weight helps us to establish that mind muscle connection to the glutes.

Squats and deadlifts aren’t everything. The value of single-leg training cannot be overstated.

Single-leg exercises such as the Walking Lunge or Regular Lunges and Split Squats provide dynamic stability benefits in the hips.

But they also challenge the frontal plane of the body in ways that traditional bilateral training such as squats cannot do, allowing for additional muscle gains.

BULGARIAN SPLIT SQUAT IN HIGH-LOW FASHION

You might be familiar with the traditional Bulgarian Split Squat. But our version is a Split Squat variation called the Bulgarian Split Squat in High-Low Fashion.

Play Button
dumbbell bulgarian split squat in high low fashion

HOW TO DO IT:  Start with your left foot on the floor, bending your knee of the left leg. Rest your right leg on a bench behind you with dumbbells in each hand. With the upper body staying straight up, lower down until the dumbbells touch the floor and then come back up. Then on the next rep, you’ll go down into a Sprinter Lunge position, which means you’ll lean forward. This places an enormous stretch and demand on the glutes. Alternate reps between the straight down position and the Sprinter Lunge position.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This single-leg exercise can help you work through muscle imbalances since you are working just one side at a time.

EXPLOSIVITY

Explosivity is one type of leg exercise that rarely gets included. Guys, listen up: explosivity should be a part of all your leg workouts.

For the best leg workout, I want to include the Bodyweight Plyo Bulgarian Split Squat. Not only will this exercise help you develop your explosive movement patterns, but you’ll also build strong glutes and legs.

BODYWEIGHT PLYO BULGARIAN SPLIT SQUATS

Play Button
bodyweight plyo bulgarian split squats
Doing the Bodyweight Plyo Bulgarian Split Squat helps us train for greater athleticism and builds knee stability.

HOW TO DO IT: Start with your left foot in front of you and the right foot on a bench behind you. Jump explosively, pushing through the front leg. You don’t have to do this but if you want to add an extra challenge, go ahead and clap your hands under the back of the knee. Once you finish on one side, repeat the exercise on the other leg.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  You should always try to speed up what you slow down, and this functional fitness exercise does just that. This ensures you don’t get stuck with slow moving movement patterns. Also, the Bodyweight Plyo Bulgarian Split Squat helps us train for stability of the knee in jumping and landing.

INSIDE AREA OF THE QUAD

Let’s move away from the big shots of the legs, and talk about the area that gets very little attention – if any at all.

The inside of the quad is important for providing support and stabilization, especially during heavy lower body exercises.

Now, while you can’t isolate the medial or inner portion of the quads, you can influence its ability to contract fully and ensure it gets full stimulation.

And you can do this by going to a full lockout position of extension on every rep. My favorite way to do that is with the TKE Drop Lunge.

TKE DROP LUNGE

Play Button
tke drop lunge exercise

HOW TO DO IT: Select dumbbells that feel appropriate to you, but remember that you can go pretty heavy with this one. Stand with your feet at shoulder width. Put the band behind your knee. As you go down for the lunge, the band will resist pulling your knee forward. When you come back up, drive your knee back as hard as possible, into full extension.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This exercise is a great way to ensure resistance through terminal knee extension. You can also overload this exercise with dumbbells with the addition of resistance bands as well.

ADDUCTORS

Continuing with the idea above, it’s time to give some additional attention to the adductors.

Many people believe that after hitting quads and hamstrings, your leg workout is over.

This is not the case – not even close!

Guys, all muscles matter, even the little ones we don’t think much about.

And to hit the adductors, we’re going to use one of my favorite dumbbell leg exercises, the Goblet Adductor Lunge.

DUMBBELL GOBLET ADDUCTOR LUNGE

Play Button
dumbbell goblet adductor lunge

HOW TO DO IT: You can do this on a hardwood or slick floor with your socks on. Hold a dumbbell in the traditional goblet stance. Perform a lateral lunge, sliding your left leg out. Squeeze your legs together to get yourself back to a standing position. Repeat on the other side once you finish with all of the reps.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This is going to activate the important adductor muscle fibres on the inside of your thighs, which will help you build inner thigh strength.

ABDUCTORS

Last but not least, we move to the opposite side of the adductors with the abductors, which are on the outside of the hips.

The best way to target the abductors is with a Hip Band Ladder finisher.

What this exercise lacks in resistance, it makes up for with a lot of burning.

HIP BAND LADDER

Play Button
hip band ladder

HOW TO DO IT:  Wrap a band from your feet to your shoulder and hold it across your chest. Start with one step to the right and one step back to the left. Then move two steps out to the right and two steps back to the left. Work your way up the ladder until you reach 10 steps in each direction. Get ready to burn!

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  The abductors are chronically weak, and this exercise directly targets them, forcing them to work overtime.

To see more of the best legs exercises that hit these muscles and how to organize them into an entire legs workout, check out the article Best Leg Workout.

4) WHAT ARE THE BEST LEG EXERCISES FOR KNEES? 

At this point, some of you are looking at these exercises that I’ve covered, and you might be getting concerned about your knee pain.

Do you get knee pain when you train legs? If so, this whole section is for you. If you are using the wrong exercises with bad knees, then leg workouts can be trouble.

That doesn’t mean you should be skipping leg day!

You shouldn’t lose your leg strength and muscle. Instead, you can learn to train smart – avoiding knee discomfort while improving your leg muscles.

“Wait a minute, Jeff. You’re an athlete and a physical therapist. It’s easy for you to say this.”

Guys, remember that having an athletic background, I pretty much trashed my knees back in 1993. The truth is that they never really recovered!

What did I do? I changed the way I train so that I could focus on building strong legs and protecting my knees from further damage.

And you can learn to do the same thing with these exercises for knee issues.

Just a quick breakdown of what to expect:

The following leg exercises are closed chain and functional with a high degree of athletic carryover.

The reason I picked these exercises is because there is a heavy focus on keeping the force shifting down and back as opposed to down and forward.

This ensures the knee joint doesn’t take on unnecessary strain and extra stress.

Give these exercises a try and you’ll see that it is possible to train legs with minimal knee pain and without risking further knee damage.

So, what are the best leg workouts for knees?

BEST QUADS EXERCISES FOR KNEE PROBLEMS

Let’s start this leg workout for knee pain with some squats, but not just any squats.

I’ll use some isometric and pause techniques to help minimize the impact on the knee joint.

For this, I’ve chosen the Isometric Squat Hold.

But one important thing to note: Whether you choose an isometric or pause variation of the squat, there is one important key with these squats.

You must be in control of every rep.

This means you’ll need to start with either bodyweight only or light weight. Eventually, you can begin to add weight once you have complete control over the load you are squatting.

ISOMETRIC SQUAT HOLD

Play Button
isometric squat hold safe for knees

HOW TO DO IT:  Be sure your starting position is with feet flat on the floor. Your toes shouldn’t be lifting off the ground as you lower. Step up to the squat rack and position the bar along your traps. Kick your hips back and keep your chest up as you lower yourself down. Come to parallel – or just below parallel if it feels okay. Your goal here is to hold this for about 20 seconds. This will ensure you have good stability and a strong foundation. Add weight at your discretion but play it safe and add the minimal effective dose.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  The Isometric Squat Hold done with a lighter weight helps to build stability and determine the status of our knees before we begin adding weight.

PAUSE SQUAT

It’s important that you start with the Isometric Hold Squat because this will help you determine what you’re able to handle with a Pause Squat, which is the next progression.

Play Button
pause squat safe for knees

HOW TO DO IT:  Before you begin, step to the sides of the squat rack and increase the weight load that you’re using. It doesn’t have to be a dramatic change. Focus on a weight plate that’s manageable – something you can control when pausing for a few seconds as opposed to 20 seconds. Take the same form as the Isometric Hold Squat, pause at the bottom but only hold it for a few seconds before coming up. During all of your sets, you need to make sure that your legs and knees always feel good. Just as important, make sure that you’re always in control of the exercise.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: Pause Squats allow you to push heavier weight while creating stability and strength in the quads.

PAUSE SQUAT W/ADDITIONAL LOAD

If you’ve performed the Isometric Hold Squat and Pause Squat without any issues, you can graduate to the Pause Squat with Additional Load.

Increase the weight again but only if you can and feel comfortable doing so.

Remember: You want to make sure your legs and knees feel alright and that you feel in control of the weight the ENTIRE time.

Play Button
pause squat with additional load safe leg exercise for knees

HOW TO DO IT: Follow the same form as the Pause Squat but add some extra weight. Again, don’t overdo it.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: Pause Squats allow you to push heavier weight while creating stability and strength in the quads.

REVERSE LUNGE

Now I’m going to talk about one of my all-time favorite exercises for legs, the Reverse Lunge.

Knee pain is one of the most common issues people have when doing lunges.

What most people don’t realize is that not all Lunges are created equal. The direction of the Lunge makes a HUGE difference.

You might not realize it, but Forward and Reverse Lunges work the knee and hip in different ways.

Forward Lunges are “open chain.” This means the foot is not in contact with the floor. And when the foot lands, ground forces travel up through the knee. This can cause knee pain.

Reverse Lunges, on the other hand, are “closed chain.” In other words, the foot stays in contact with the ground so there’s no impact force.

Also, I’ve opted for Reverse Lunges because you can go pretty heavy without the knee injury repercussions associated with traditional Front Lunges.

Play Button
reverse lunge to protect knees

HOW TO DO IT:  You can use dumbbells here, but I prefer to do this with a barbell because I don’t have to worry about my grip giving out as I’m moving the heavier weights. Start with your feet hip width apart, then bring your left foot back behind you, lowering down until your left knee almost touches the ground. Keep your upper body upright. Push up, maintaining a strong core and then repeat on the right leg.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  The Reverse Lunge allows you to go heavy to build and strengthen your quads without worrying about the high-impact nature of Front Lunges.

DUMBBELL BULGARIAN SPLIT SQUAT HOP

From here, we move on to the Dumbbell Bulgarian Split Squat Hop.

The slight hop during the split squat adds an additional acceleration component.

You might hear “hop” and get worried but with this split squat position, the weight is traveling down and back so you shouldn’t feel any knee joint pain.

Play Button
dumbbell bulgarian split squat safe leg exercise for knee problems

HOW TO DO IT: Same form as above, but you can focus more on the acceleration and explosive nature of the exercise.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: Pairing this with the dumbbell version, you’ll be able to reach true muscle failure without stressing the knee.

BEST HAMSTRINGS EXERCISES FOR KNEE PROBLEMS

Moving to the back side of the legs, we’ll take the same approach as the quads by focusing on closed-chain exercises to save your knees from stress.

For my knee-friendly hamstring exercises, I’ve got two of my favorite closed-chain alternatives to the typical open-chain machine-based hamstring exercises.

PHYSIOBALL GLUTE HAM RAISE

The Physioball Glute Ham Raise is one of the best closed-chain options for overloading the hams and the gluteal muscles without hurting the knees.

Play Button
physioball glute ham raise safe hamstring exercise for knees

HOW TO DO IT: Start by kneeling on the floor with your knees at hip-width apart. Place the tops of your feet on the floor. Place one hand on a physioball in front of you. Begin to lower your upper body toward the floor as much as your range of motion will allow you to. Keep your body in a straight line from your head to your knees.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: This exercise allows you to move yourself out and extend into eccentric hamstring overload, using the ball as a kind of spotter. Just in case you go too far forward, the ball has your back.

BARBELL HIP THRUST

We’ll wrap up the knee-friendly leg exercises with a Barbell Hip Thrust.

Play Button
barbell hip thrust safe glutes exercise for knees

HOW TO DO IT: Place a padded barbell across your pelvis. Start with your feet shoulder width apart on the floor. Be sure to keep them in contact with the floor as you lift the barbell, focusing the contraction in your hamstrings and glutes. Remember to push the bar forward on your hips so it doesn’t roll back towards you.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  Another great closed-chain exercise, the Barbell Hip Thrust allows you to build strength in the hamstrings without putting stress on the knee joint.

If you’re looking for more safe leg exercises for knees, you can check out my article Killer Leg Workout for Sore Knees.

5) WHAT ARE THE BEST EXERCISES FOR CALVES?

When it comes to your calves, what’s the one thing that everyone talks about? Genetics.

Talk to enough people and you’ll start to believe that you’re one of two people: a CALF or a CALF-NOT.

Admittedly, this is partially true but it’s only half the story.

While genetics do play a large role in calf size, there are ways to get your calves to grow.

You don’t have to live with small stubborn calves forever!

Here’s an exercise that, when done consistently and correctly, can get bigger calves in no time.

CALF LAUNCHERS

Play Button
calf launchers home exercise for bigger calves

HOW TO DO IT: Start by anchoring your feet under a bench or couch. Kneel on a mat or on the floor with your feet hip-width apart and your ankles flexed backward. With your feet secured, lift your heel and flex your feet in order to keep your body upright. You will feel the calf contraction immediately. Slowly launch your body out, leaning forward with the core engaged. Use only as much range as you need to feel the calf muscles kick in. Perform a curl motion to get yourself back up and start again.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: Think of this exercise like a curl for your legs. This exercise is guaranteed to provide a strong contraction in the calves, forcing them to work and not allowing for any muscle or tendon compensation.

6) HOW TO GET BIGGER LEGS

Would you believe it if I told you I used to be what you’d call a “hardgainer” when I was younger?

I’m not kidding when I say that I struggled to gain even a little bit of muscle mass.

Thankfully, I learned how to work my way out of the hardgainer status and you can too!

The most stubborn part of my body as a hardgainer?

My legs…

It’s possible to grow tree trunk legs, and I have four tips that will instantly transform how you go about your leg workouts.

KEEP YOUR EGO IN CHECK WHEN YOU SQUAT

It can be a bit intimidating to watch others squat several plates as you put a single 25-pound or 45-pound plate on each side of the bar.

Don’t let your ego take the wheel here.

If you want to build bigger legs, the first thing you’re going to have to do is realize that you need to meet yourself at your level – not someone else’s level.

If all you can squat is a 25-pound plate on each side, that’s okay!

But you also have to make sure that you squat ALL THE WAY, no matter how much weight you’re squatting.

In other words, go through a full range of motion.

I’ve seen too many guys load up a bar and perform quarter squats like that will cure them of their small legs.

Not going to happen!

If you’re going too heavy AND not moving through a full range of motion on your squats, you’re not going to be able to build strength and mass in your legs.

Use a lighter weight and focus on achieving that intensity from the high rep sets that you do with good form through full range of motion.

Play Button
squat full range of motion

Continuing with the idea above, if you really want to take that intensity to a new level, try doing some Pause Squats.

In fact, take the numbers all the way up to 20 repetitions using a lighter weight.

 It’s okay if you have to rest-pause at the top of the squat.

The goal is to have the intensity of the set in the higher rep range with light weight be the stimulus for growth.

At the same time, you can work on building up proper form, and then progressively add more weight to the end of the bar.

LEARN TO PUSH THROUGH YOUR FEET AS YOU DEADLIFT

A crucial skill you need to learn is how to push from the ground, and the best exercise to learn this with is the deadlift.

“But Jeff, isn’t the deadlift a ‘pulling’ exercise?”

Yes! But, there is a phase of a deadlift – right in the beginning – where you need to push with your feet to get the exercise started.

Learning how to push more will translate over to the squat and other leg exercises!

Think about it.

If you can’t exert force into the ground during a squat, how are you going to push up with all that force that’s coming down on your shoulders?

With the deadlift, we actually use our feet to drive through that first half of the range of motion.

In fact, you can think of the first half of the deadlift as a vertical leg press.

Play Button
drive your feet into the ground in first part of deadlift movement

Instead of thinking about the deadlift as a pull exercise, think about it as a push exercise to the level of the knee, and then at that point we pull through the rest of the rep.

I want you to practice really pushing through the first half of the deadlift.

You’ll build more strength through the legs off the floor, and this will help you to dramatically increase your squat and ability to lift heavier weights over time.

Don’t worry about using a reverse grip or a mixed grip to help with your pulling. For now, focus on this part of the movement.

TRAIN IN ALL PLANES OF MOTION WHEN YOU LUNGE

When guys get too focused on breaking out of that hardgainer status, they tend to focus on just one plane of motion: the sagittal plane.

Think about all your favorite leg exercises: Squats, Lunges, Leg Extensions… They are ALL in the sagittal plane.

Doing only sagittal plane exercises doesn’t replicate the functionality of the legs and limits the muscle gain we could see if we also trained the adductors and abductors on the inside and outside of the legs.

The cure for your obsession with the sagittal plane? The Three-Dimensional Lunge.

Play Button
three dimension lunge is good for working legs in all planes

HOW TO DO IT: First, lunge forward to hit that sagittal plane. Then immediately go into a side lunge, which is in the frontal plane. Then follow it with a drop step lunge which is in the transverse plane. Then continue to repeat that sequence.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The three-dimensional lunge allows us to work our legs in all three planes and get the adductors and abductors involved in our leg workouts.

LOAD SAFELY DURING A BULGARIAN SPLIT SQUAT

The Bulgarian Split Squat is one of my favorite exercises because it is easy to perform and allows you to add weight faster.

Split squats may seem like a technically more challenging exercise compared to the squat, but it really isn’t.

The exercise sets you up and keeps you in the right position from the start. So long as you stay upright, you’ll easily be able to overload the quad muscles.

If you aren’t able to continue with the weights you have, you can easily drop them to the side then continue to rep out using your bodyweight. Talk about an intense failure set!

Play Button
dumbbell bulgarian split squat

HOW TO DO IT:  Start with your left foot on the floor, bending your knee of the left leg. Rest your right foot on a bench behind you with dumbbells in each hand. With the upper body staying straight up, lower down until the dumbbells touch the floor and then come back up. Repeat on the other side.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  Super easy to keep good form and overload the quads throughout. You can also safely ditch the dumbbells if you need to then use your bodyweight to go to failure.

If you want more information on how to build bigger legs, check out my article Leg Workout Tips for Mass.

7) WHAT IS THE BEST DUMBBELL LEGS WORKOUT?

If you’re used to only using barbells in your leg workouts, you might wonder how to do leg exercises with dumbbells.

Leg workouts with dumbbells offer the advantage of safety with efficiency for some of the best exercises for overloading your legs.

I think the best way to break down my choices for the best dumbbell legs workout is by the goal that you’re trying to achieve.

Whether you want to bulletproof your legs, gain some size, or get stronger, this breakdown will let you pair up the exercises with your specific goal.

HYPERTROPHY: BULGARIAN SPLIT SQUAT

I’ve talked about this one already but it’s one of the best leg exercises, especially if you’re trying to see those legs grow.

Play Button

HOW TO DO IT:  Start with the left leg on the floor and the right leg positioned behind you on the bench and a dumbbell in each hand with an overhand grip. Lower your body and the dumbbells toward the floor, maintaining an upright torso, and repeat.  After completing all the reps on this side, switch sides with the right leg on the floor and the left leg positioned behind you. The upright torso helps emphasize the quads in this movement.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  The Bulgarian Split Squat allows you to safely overload the quads without the risks that are present with a Barbell Back Squat. It also works your stability, mobility, and balance while improving neuromuscular efficiency.

POWER: DUMBBELL JUMP SQUAT

If you want to increase your leg power, the Dumbbell Jump Squat is the way to do it

The Jump Squat alone is a terrific option for explosive leg workouts.

But when you add weight to it, you’ll see the benefits transfer over to other explosive exercises like the Hang-Clean and Power-Clean.

Play Button
dumbbell jump squat

HOW TO DO IT: Choose a weight that’s between 25% to 50% of your bodyweight. If you go too heavy, you can slow down your ability to perform this properly. Here’s the starting position: Hold a dumbbell in each hand, then bend your knees and kick your hips back. Do not pause at the bottom of the squat. Jump explosively upward from squat position.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This one exercise focuses on triple extension through the ankles, knees, and hips, allowing the kinetic chain to pass that power from the ground up into the explosive jump.

METABOLIC: WALK THE BOX

If your aim is to increase metabolic efficiency in your legs, then I have the perfect exercise for you. Walk the Box is notoriously intense, but it delivers!

Play Button
walk the box

HOW TO DO IT: Hold two light dumbbells in the front rack position. Squat down so that your thighs are parallel with the ground. Maintain this position with proper form and good thoracic extension through your upper back as you walk around, creating the shape of a box.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  I love this exercise because it’s a three-dimensional movement metabolic powerhouse. I guarantee this one is going to burn.

TOTAL BODY: DUMBBELL SQUAT CLEAN

If you’re short on time and looking to get the most bang for your bodybuilding buck, the Dumbbell Squat Clean is the exercise to do.

Play Button
dumbbell squat clean

HOW TO DO IT: Start in a Deadlift position by bending your knees and holding two dumbbells on the floor. Explosively clean the dumbbells up to your shoulders into a front rack position. Try to match up your stomp with the catch of the dumbbells onto your shoulders. This will help with proper timing and performance. If you’re looking for that extra challenge, you can add an overhead press.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The Dumbbell Squat Clean is a power-based movement that targets several major muscle groups. When you throw in an Overhead Press, you incorporate the upper body in a more direct way.

CORRECTIVE: GOBLET ADDUCTOR LUNGE

I say it all the time: Most people are so busy with squats and lunges that they completely ignore the adductor complex.

These are the five muscles on the inside of your legs that are not only going to provide stability to your pelvis but assist you in standing up from the bottom of a squat.

The Goblet Adductor Lunge is one of my favorite dumbbell leg workouts to target the adductor muscles.

Play Button
goblet-adductor-lunge

HOW TO DO IT: Before entering the starting position, select a dumbbell that is lighter but still challenging. Holding the dumbbell with both hands, place one foot on a surface where you can slide and keep the other foot on a stable surface. For example, you can put one foot on a hardwood floor and the other foot on carpet. Slide the foot out as you drop down into a lateral lunge position. Shift all your weight to the other leg. Now, squeeze and shorten those adductors to get yourself back up.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: It directly targets the adductors in a big way, strengthening a muscle that most people forget about.

MISCELLANEOUS: OFFSET DUMBBELL LUNGE

This final exercise doesn’t really fit into any of the other goal categories I listed above, but I still find it incredibly useful.

The Offset Dumbbell Lunge targets the glute medius, which I believe is just as overlooked and underworked as the adductor complex.

Play Button
offset dumbbell lunge

HOW TO DO IT:  Hold a dumbbell in your left hand, and then lunge forward with the right foot. Since the weight has been placed in the opposite hand and you’ve stepped out with the other leg, you’re going to feel the weight pull you in that direction. This is when the gluteus medius activates to pull you back, get you level, and prevent you from falling. Repeat on the other side.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The counterbalance ensures the glute medius is going to fire and get stronger.

If you’re looking for more great exercises to add to your dumbbell leg workouts, you can check out my article on Best Dumbbell Exercises for Legs to see more examples.

8) HOW TO DO LEG WORKOUTS AT HOME

What about those of you who are working out from home? Is there an at-home leg workout that can help you achieve those goals of size and strength?

You bet.

But before I get into leg workouts at home, I want to address a commonly asked question: Is it worthwhile to do leg workouts without weights?

ARE HOME LEG WORKOUTS EFFECTIVE?

I know a lot of people are leery about leg training at home. I can’t tell you how many people ask me,

“How can I strengthen my legs at home?”

And when I say that they don’t need any weights, I get looks of disbelief.

Despite whatever preconceived notions you might have about calisthenics, here’s the bottom line: It IS possible to build strong and muscular legs from the comfort of your own home.

The trick is altering your intensity.

When you’re in the gym, you have plenty of weight to help you crank up that intensity.

But when you’re at home working out, you might not have that same luxury – in fact, you might not even have a set of resistance bands for resistance band leg workouts.

So, what can we do about that?

We can increase the intensity of the exercises to produce the same effect that you’d get with heavy weights.

And that’s exactly what I’m going to teach you to do in this bodyweight leg workout. And guess what: You don’t need any equipment.

BODYWEIGHT LEG WORKOUT WITH NO EQUIPMENT

I’ve designed these at home leg workouts to be extremely functional AND practical. You can literally do every exercise in the comfort of your own living room.

You can even use it when you’re on a trip away from home and you want to keep up with your workouts (which you always should!).

Prepare to set aside 20 minutes for this circuit-style workout.

Just because it might be a fraction of the time of your normal workouts doesn’t mean it is going to be easy.

This one workout is going to hit it all. Here’s a complete breakdown of what you’ll be doing including your resting times.

  • Anterior Chain – Bodyweight Squats
  • Posterior Chain – Bridge Marches
  • Explosive – Bodyweight Swings
  • Rest 30 seconds
  • Corrective 1 – Jane Fondas x 30 seconds each leg
  • Corrective 2 – 1 1/2 Rep Adductor Slides x 30 seconds each leg
  • Rest 30 seconds

Complete this circuit four times, giving yourself 30 seconds of rest between each round.

BODYWEIGHT SQUAT

Play Button
air bodyweight squat

HOW TO DO IT:  Start with your feet hip width apart. Kick your hips back and perform a deep squat. Squeeze the glutes to return to the start.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The Squat is the ultimate lower body exercise that targets every major muscle group.

BRIDGE MARCH

Play Button
bodyweight bridge march

HOW TO DO IT: Lie on a comfortable surface. Squeeze your glutes and lift your hips up into Glute Bridge position. Keep your feet flat on the floor as you bring your left leg up with knees bent then lower it back down, maintaining that Bridge pose. Now lift your right leg. Continue alternating.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: I’m often asked,Are squats enough for glutes?” They’re good, but you can do yourself one better. The Bridge March is one of my favorite exercises because it directly targets the glutes and hamstrings.

BODYWEIGHT SWING

Play Button
bodyweight swing

HOW TO DO IT: Stand with your feet hip width apart. Bring the arms up and then swing them down in between your legs just like you would do with a Kettlebell Swing. Squeeze the glutes and swing your arms back up.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE:  This explosive bodyweight version of the Kettlebell Swing reinforces the same hip hinge pattern.

JANE FONDAS

Play Button

HOW TO DO IT: Lie on your right side and bring your left leg straight up in the air. Be sure to keep your left knee straight. Bring the leg down and up, continuing to perform leg raises. Switch legs and repeat on the other side.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: You know I’m a big fan of targeting the often-forgotten abductors and adductors, and this corrective exercise helps to strengthen both.

1 ½ REP ADDUCTOR SLIDES

Play Button
15 rep adductor slides

HOW TO DO IT: Stand with your feet shoulder width apart. Slightly bend the left knee and begin sliding your left foot away from your body. Pause once you are in a lateral lunge position with the knee bent slightly. Slide back up halfway, pause, and then slide back down to the lowered lateral lunge position. Now return all the way to the top. That’s one rep. Repeat on the other side.

WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: This exercise is going to bulletproof your adductors, which will translate into better performance during other exercises like squats and deadlifts.

Want even more at home workouts for legs? Check out my article Bodyweight Leg Workout.

9) LEG WORKOUTS FAQ

1. What is the best leg workout?

The best leg workout targets all the leg muscles, hits every function of the legs and works the legs through all three planes of motion.  Here are some of the best leg exercises to include in the workout:

2. What 3 exercises will help strengthen the legs?

Three exercises that will help strengthen the legs are:

3. How can I train my legs at home?

The best way to train your legs at home is using bodyweight only.  Here are the 5 best at home bodyweight leg exercises:

4. Can I train my legs daily?

You shouldn’t train your legs daily because muscles need time to recover and repair between training sessions. It is in this recovery period that the growth actually takes place. You need at least one day fully dedicated to leg training, but optimally, you’ll hit your legs twice per week.

5. Is 5 exercises enough for legs?

Five exercises may not be enough for legs. The best leg workout targets all the leg muscles, hits every function of the legs and works the legs through all three planes of motion.  Here are some of the best leg exercises to include in the workout:

By now you should be convinced that building bigger, stronger, muscular legs is a must for your training program.

Having a respectable set of legs has benefits both for functionality and the look of your overall physique.

And don’t forget that the knees are also one of the most important joints for all lower body exercises!

Give the techniques and exercises in this guide a try, and you’ll be surprised by just how quickly your legs will improve.

If you’re looking for a complete plan to build lean muscle and strength in every muscle group in the body, see which of our ATHLEAN-X programs best suits your goals and equipment possibilities:

Program Selector ==> See which program best fits your goals
AX1 ==> 
Train at Home With Dumbbells and Minimal Equipment
XERO ==> 
Train at Home With No Equipment

Watch the YouTube version of this article
Popular & Trending
stop doing face pulls like this facepull mistake
1
How To Do Face Pulls
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
September 9th, 2019
Face pulls are one of the best corrective exercises to help offset poor posture and shoulder dysfunction.  They help strengthen the chronically weak...
how to identify your body fat percentage with images for men
2
Body Fat Percentage
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
May 1st, 2013
There are many ways to measure body fat percentage; some wildly expensive and most inaccurate. It's time to give you an alternative method that...
2 reasons your biceps aren't growing and 3 ways to fix it
3
Why Your Biceps Aren’t Growing
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
August 22nd, 2019
Have you ever felt that no matter how much you trained your biceps you’re left saying… “My Biceps STILL Aren’t Growing?” I believe I know...
The PERFECT Abs Workout
4
The PERFECT Abs Workout
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
July 31st, 2019
We’ll be following my ‘Six Pack Progression’ sequence as we choose each of the beginner and advanced ab exercises for each abdominal movement...
incline bench press avoid mistakes for upper chest
5
How To Incline Bench Press Correctly
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
June 21st, 2019
The Incline Bench Press is one of the best upper chest exercises there is, but there's one major problem preventing us from getting the maximum...
best dumbbell exercises for chest
6
The BEST Dumbbell Exercises for CHEST
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
October 9th, 2019
Today I’m going to share my favorite chest exercises… but there’s a catch. We can only use dumbbells! I’ll show you what to do whether you...
how to construct a complete chest workout
7
The PERFECT Chest Workout
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
July 25th, 2019
The classic theory of "Upper, Middle, and Lower" chest exercises is a good start, but, it's not enough!! The solution to this problem is to not...
best dumbbell exercises for shoulders
8
BEST Dumbbell Exercises for SHOULDERS
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
October 5th, 2019
You want to build big shoulders and you only have access to a few pairs of dumbbells. What do you do? I’m going to show you what to do whether...
how to construct a complete biceps workout
9
The PERFECT Biceps Workout
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
July 15th, 2019
The classic theories of “just do curls” or “it’s not necessary to train your biceps directly” are both flat out wrong! Why? Because it’s...
Home Chest Exercises UPPER, MID, LOWER CHEST!!
10
Chest Exercises at Home
By Jeff Cavaliere MSPT, CSCS
May 27th, 2021
Being able to effectively hit your upper, mid and lower chest from home with NO equipment may seem impossible. But, I’m here to show you it’s...