ARE YOU MAKING THESE LAT PULLDOWN MISTAKES?
The standard cable Lat Pulldown is easily one of the most recognizable and popular back exercises that you can include in your workout program.
One of the reasons the lat pulldown is so effective is that it allows for the versatility of a lot of different hand grips, bars, and placements on the bar to hit different areas of your back.
For example, you can perform the Classic Pulldown in a seated position or on the floor. You can use the standard Lat Pulldown machine, weight plates pulley rig, or you can use resistance bands. These are just a few examples and there are many more types of Lat Pulldown.
Unfortunately, like many popular exercises, the Lat Pulldown is often performed incorrectly.
Today, I want to take a look at the traditional Lat Pulldown exercise including how to do it, common Lat Pulldown mistakes, and the best Lat Pulldown variations.
THE ANATOMY AND FUNCTIONS OF THE LATS
In order to achieve the goal of development in the lat muscles, it’s time to understand their anatomy and function.
In other words, you want to understand where the lat muscles are, as well as their function.
By knowing how the lat muscles function, you’ll be able to perform the variation that works with that function, not against it. And this will help you achieve muscle strength, muscle thickness, or muscle growth, depending on your fitness goal.
LATISSIMUS DORSI (THE LATS)
The latissimus dorsi is a very large muscle with an insertion point at the humerus and its origin point on the lats is located at four different locations: the iliac crest, lower spine (lumbar area), and both sides of the lower rib cage.
FUNCTION OF THE LATS
When you take a look at your lats, you’ll notice that they have an extensive sweep and are particularly important because of how they attach to your arm.
Where your lats begin and end plays a critical role in their function. The lats are responsible for the following functions:
- Horizontal abduction
- Flexion (via an extended position)
- Internal rotation (shoulder joint)
So, what does this look like with practical examples? Given their size and responsibility, your lats ensure you’re able to pull your arms down, over and behind your head. They also retract the shoulder blades (squeezing them together), and they help with internal rotation and range of motion of the shoulder joint.
HOW TO DO A TRADITIONAL LAT PULLDOWN
Believe it or not, learning the correct form of the lat pull-downs exercise is not as straightforward as it might seem.
The reason is that depending on your fitness goals, you might use one hand grip more than the other.
In general, you’ll choose between the overhand grip pulldown and the underhand grip pulldown. You might be saying to yourself, “Wait, if you’re pulling down, is there really a difference?”
The answer is, “Absolutely!”
Based on what we now know about the function of the lat muscles, if your arm moves in front of your body, you’re going to get more of a stretch motion on the lat itself.
That’s a good thing to know because it makes a big difference when we’re talking about whether we want to use an underhand grip or an overhand grip.
An underhand grip will take your arms out, in front of your body, and it will provide that stretch on the lats.
This doesn’t mean that the underhand grip is superior to the overhand grip. It just means that you have to use it strategically based on which collection of muscles you want to target as well as what your fitness goals.
HOW TO DO A LAT PULLDOWN
HOW TO DO IT: Begin by setting up dual handle attachments on a cable pulley machine. Place your feet flat on the floor and use an overhand grip on the handles. If the target muscles you’re going after are the lats, you need to stay upright and not lean back. That means you have to pull down next to your head. Pull them right in line with your ears and keep them right down the midline of your body. You can use either an overhand grip or underhand grip. I’d recommend alternating the grip from set to set. One cue to give yourself as you’re going down is “chest to bar,” even if you’re not using a bar. The idea is to bring the equipment down enough so that you are engaging the lats.
WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: If your goal is specifically the development of the lat muscles, the cable pulley machine handles are the best way to go because you’ll be able to effectively contract the lats without the upper back taking over some of the work.
HOW TO TARGET THE UPPER BACK WITH A LAT PULLDOWN
HOW TO DO IT: If you’re trying to work the upper and mid back, you can utilize the dual handles, rope, or Lat Pulldown bar. What you choose doesn’t make a huge difference because it’s all going to fall in front of your body. Before trying a wide grip, I’d recommend starting with a standard grip here. Pull the bar, handles, or rope toward your chest and lean back slightly as you do. Keep the lats contracted the entire time. Contract the mid back and slowly return to the starting position.
WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: If the target muscles are the upper and mid back – not just the lats but also the traps, rhomboids, and rear delts – then you can effectively use a lat pulldown with a slight lean to hit those muscles.
COMMON MISTAKES WHEN PERFORMING A LAT PULLDOWN
I’ve shown you how to perform a traditional Lat Pulldown based on whether you want to target the lat muscles or upper-to-mid back.
Now, I want to cover some of the most common mistakes of the Lat Pulldown exercise. You might not even realize that you’re making one of these mistakes!
The Lat Pulldown is not an accessory movement like the bicep curl. Sure, it might feel that way compared to barbell movements like the Bent Over Row, but you can build muscle strength and maximum muscle hypertrophy with this one exercise.
The catch is that you need to be doing it right and with correct form.
ONLY USING THE UNDERHAND GRIP
Above, I mentioned how the underhand grip provides you with an extra stretch on your lats, so you might be thinking, “Well, I want that extra stretch so I’m just going to go to the underhand grip from now on.”
If you were to only do an underhand grip Lat Pulldown at a vertical angle, you’re actually limiting the amount of extension – meaning your arm’s going back, behind your body – by being in that position.
That’s not what we want, if we want to train the lats. We want to have extension. We want the arms to get back, behind the body. You can use the underhand grip, but make sure that you mix it up with the overhand grip.
LEANING BACK TO COMPENSATE FOR BAD FORM
Let me start by saying that leaning back during a lat pulldown isn’t necessarily a mistake or a problem.
The problem comes in when you are not leaning back with intention; rather, you are leaning back to make up for bad posture and exercise execution.
As I discussed above, when we lean back on the underhand or overhand grip Lat Pulldown, we start to involve a lot of the other muscles in the back.
Anything that we can do to squeeze our shoulder blades together is going to start involving multiple muscle groups and limiting the isolation on the lat muscles themselves.
A lot of people try to load up the cable pulley machine with weight and then lean back to offset some of that load while forcing other muscles to get involved. As I’ve said a thousand times before, it’s all about the quality of your reps.
I will always tell you to use light weight with correct form rather than perform heavy weight exercises with terrible form.
Having a slight lean is okay if your goal is to target the upper-to-mid back, but don’t use it as a way to move weight that is too heavy for you.
GOING BEHIND THE HEAD
Of all the Lat Pulldown variations, I’m not sure how this one is still around.
By performing a Behind the Head Lat Pulldown, you are putting your shoulder complex into a troublesome position.
Remember we have a scapular plane, which is a little bit in front of our body, and our arms like to be elevated in this position.
Whether they’re going up or whether they’re coming down, they’re still moving in this joint and they’re moving the same way.
We want to try to get those arms in that position. Putting our arms way back behind our head to do a Lat Pulldown is directly going against what we’re recommending.
It’s also a great way to increase your risk for strain and injury in your shoulder joints especially if you already have shoulder impingement issues.
BEST VARIATIONS OF THE LAT PULLDOWN EXERCISE
You’re confident in your Lat Pulldown form and you even know which mistakes to avoid, but what happens if you get bored?
Are there different types of Lat Pulldown that you can throw into your upper body workouts?
I’ve got two types of Lat Pulldown that I’d recommend incorporating into your workouts once you master the traditional Lat Pulldown.
ROCKING LAT PULLDOWN
HOW TO DO IT: On the Rocking Lat Pulldown, you’re allowing yourself to do a vertical pull to get the benefits of the overhand, straight up and straight down adduction that is happening. Then as you near the bottom of the movement, you add the additional extension. Perform this important extension at the very end by stopping the bar at about forehead height, and then driving down one elbow to take over the rest of the load. The elbow comes down, continues to come down, but it rides back, behind your body.
WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: You want to train your lats in as many key functions as they have. If your lats can extend, you want to extend. If your lats can adduct, you want to adduct. If your lats can extend and adduct, as you can see here, then you want to do both.
SINGLE-ARM LAT PULLDOWN
HOW TO DO IT: We want to make sure we get a rotational stretch in during the exercise, and we want to make sure we get this frontal plane stretch, or the side bending component in there. We can do that by changing the way we sit at the machine. Adjust the seat height so that you can sit off to one side instead of straddling the machine. Let your left knee anchor into the pad. Using a single cable pulley machine handle, pull down and then at the bottom, rotate back in the opposite direction to get a stronger contraction on the lats.
WHAT MAKES IT EFFECTIVE: The One-Arm Pulldowns variation allows you to get more from the Lat Pulldown, especially if you’re someone that feels your biceps fatigue much faster than your back when you’re doing the exercise.
WHAT’S THE BEST LAT PULLDOWN FOR YOU?
Guys, I just threw a lot of information at you, but the type of Lat Pulldown you decide to do really comes down to one question:
What is your fitness goal?
When you are more upright, your lat muscles are at a more advantageous position to do the work.
If you want to get more of the upper and mid back, you can lean backwards to engage the upper traps, rhomboids, and lower traps.
And this brings us to an important related question: Which Lat Pulldown bar or cable pulley machine equipment should you use?
If you’re looking for lat development, you need an attachment that allows you to stay upright and pull down and through the head.
I believe you can do this optimally with the dual handle attachments because you can actually pull them right in line with your ears and keep them right down the midline of my body.
This is something I’m not going to be able to do with a traditional Lat Pulldown bar.
If we’re trying to work the upper or mid-back, you can use either the dual handles, rope, or straight bar attachment.
Guys, it always pays to learn and understand the anatomy of a muscle because that will help you optimize your workouts with exercises than align with both your goals and the function of the muscle.
When you can use basic anatomy to your advantage to make exercises better, then I think we’ve gotten what we were shooting for in the first place. That is, better training.
And speaking of training, what kind of upper body workouts are you doing? Are you looking for a new one that is geared toward strength or maybe muscle hypertrophy? We’ve got you covered.
Program Selector ==> See which program best fits your goals
AX1 ==> Train at Home With Dumbbells and Minimal Equipment
XERO ==> Train at Home With No Equipment
- The Lat Pulldown exercise is popular because it allows for a ton of variety in both how you perform it and what you use to do it.
- However, many people make the mistake of either leaning too far back or overusing one type of grip.
- If you want to target the lat muscles, you need to sit upright and pull the elbows into the ribs. The best way to do this is with dual handle attachments for the cable pulley machine.
- If your goal is to build up the upper-to-mid back, then you can use the same form but lean back as you pull the bar down.
- The Rocking Lat Pulldown allows you to take the lat muscles through most of the functions they are capable of.
- The Single-Arm Lat Pulldown allows you to secure your torso and then bend and contract the lats more than a traditional Lat Pulldown.