EstimatedEst. Read Time: 6 minutes


When you’re trying to build big triceps, the pushdown grip you choose matters.

There are many variations of the triceps pushdown exercise that use a straight bar or differently shaped specialty handles for cable machines designed to isolate triceps, like the EZ Curl bar, the V-Bar and the triceps rope attachment.

They are all attempting to accomplish the same job: make the exercise more comfortable by aligning the grip with the natural position of the arms during extension.

With all these equipment options and different grips available, which pushdown variation is better for building up that big muscle that contributes to more than half of total upper arm size?

I’ll be showing to you how grip difference between overhand or underhand can make a difference when it comes to the triceps pushdown.

triceps pushdown overhand vs underhand grip


Which grip is best for the triceps pushdown, overhand or underhand?

To find the right pushdown version, stand up, straighten your arms with palms down towards the ground, and do a pushdown motion to create a hard triceps contraction.

Hold it for about two or three seconds.

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overhand grip position

Now, take your arms, shake them out. Then, do the pushdown motion with palms up and contract your triceps as hard as possible.

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underhand grip position

You’ll feel the difference between palms down (pronation) and palms up (supination) and wonder why you stopped doing the underhand grip push down.

It was probably because you’ve been told it doesn’t matter anatomically to the triceps whether your hand is in pronation or supination, and that’s correct.

There is no impact on the triceps, whether the hands are supinated or pronated. Because the triceps attaches to the common triceps tendon occurring on the olecranon rather than the radius, it is not directly influenced at all by movement of the forearm.

Or so we think.

We create internal and external rotation of the shoulder as we pronate and supinate the forearm.  And we also have an impact on the elbow’s position in relation to the body.

Watch your biceps when your arms are in that pushdown position, then pronate and supinate your hands, and you’ll see that it impacts the contraction of the biceps. That’s because the biceps attach to the radius (so-called because of the radial motion it creates when the wrist rotates).

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biceps involvement

Something major you don’t see happens when you get into an overhand or underhand pushdown grip. We move more than just the forearm when we do supination or pronation and impact some other things.

We bring in internal and external rotation of the shoulder as we pronate and supinate the forearm.

And we also have an impact on the elbow’s position in relation to the body. This is where the difference between overhand or underhand grip comes into play.

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elbow position


To build bigger triceps, the underhand grip is better than overhand. Here’s why.

An overhand grip encourages the lifter to externally rotate the shoulder with pronation and an underhand grip internally rotates with supination. This influences the position of the elbow, and the elbow position relative to the body is most important when working the triceps for isolation and muscle size.

The elbows drift outward with the overhand grip, even if only a little. Flaring of the elbow is unavoidable due to shoulder internal rotation. But with an underhand grip, you prevent that infamous elbow flare.

This is where the underhand pushdown (also called reverse-grip triceps pushdown) shines.

Flipping to an underhand grip adducts the elbow so that it’s tucked nice and tight to the side with the arm back, which allows for more arm extension at the shoulder when in the fully contracted position.

The farther behind the body you can get your arm and the tighter to your side you can position the elbow, the greater the range of motion and the more fully you can contract the long head of the triceps muscle.


The only limitation to the underhand pushdown is the demand on the wrist. The solution is in handle selection.

If you don’t have a cable pulley machine, you can use bands. Bands provide comfortable grip options. Attach two bands to a pull up bar. Grab each band underhand to do a resistance band triceps pushdown.

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banded triceps pushdown

If you’re in a gym that has a two-pulley cable machine, grab the left handle with the right arm and the right handle with the left arm and cross the cables as you pull down.

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cable triceps pushdown


You’ll get more size benefit by using less weight and a modified underhand grip.

Just because you’re not lifting a lot of weight doesn’t mean you won’t be stressing the triceps as much as you can with a different grip or triceps exercise.

The reason why you can’t do as much weight is because the overhand version of the triceps pushdown motion recruits a lot of other muscles: the chest, the shoulders, and even the abs.

Getting isolation by removing other muscles is key if you want to hypertrophy the triceps.

If it’s just strength gains that you’re looking for, do other strength exercises like the Triceps Close Grip Bench Press, Triceps Weighted Dips, and Skull Crushers. Don’t bastardize the pushdown by using the jackhammer-like motion you often see in the gym, just so you can do more weight.

To introduce a new stress, try an underhand grip and you’ll see what you’re missing by doing an overhand-dominant Triceps Pushdown down only.

Once again we’ve put the science back into triceps training to help you get the most out of your triceps workouts.

If you’re looking for a complete program that incorporates science into everything we do, check out our ATHLEAN-X programs.

Program Selector ==> See which program best fits your goals
AX1 ==> Train at Home With Dumbbells and Minimal Equipment
XERO ==> Train at Home With No Equipment


  1. There are several variations for the triceps pushdown exercise, and a wide range of equipment options. So, which is best?
  2. When it comes to building bigger triceps and not just training for strength, grip matters as much as selecting the right exercises.
  3. Overhand straight bar cable pushdowns cause other muscles to work simply due to the kinetic chain.
  4. Reverse-grip triceps pushdowns (underhand grip) on a straight bar offer more isolation because greater contraction is possible due to shoulder and elbow position.
  5. Using single handles or a band improves further on the underhand grip by allowing natural rotation of the joint and providing an even greater range of motion where hands can move behind the body.

Watch the YouTube version of this article
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